General information about Indonesia

Background information about country, visas, weather, money, banks, money transfers, information about restaurants, bars, cafes, and another topics which was not included in other sections of the forum

General information about Indonesia

Сообщение! » 04 мар 2011, 00:48

03/02/2011 General information about Indonesia

Country name:

conventional long form: Republic of Indonesia

conventional short form: Indonesia

local long form: Republik Indonesia

local short form: Indonesia

Location: Southeastern Asia, archipelago between the Indian Ocean and the Pacific Ocean

Geographic coordinates: 5 00 S, 120 00 E

Map references: Southeast Asia

Area: total: 1,904,569 sq km

country comparison to the world: 16

land: 1,811,569 sq km

water: 93,000 sq km

Land boundaries: total: 2,830 km

border countries: Timor-Leste 228 km, Malaysia 1,782 km, Papua New Guinea 820 km

Coastline: 54,716 km

Maritime claims: measured from claimed archipelagic straight baselines territorial sea: 12 nm exclusive economic zone: 200 nm

Climate: tropical; hot, humid; more moderate in highlands

Terrain: mostly coastal lowlands; larger islands have interior mountains

Elevation extremes: lowest point: Indian Ocean 0 m highest point: Puncak Jaya 5,030 m

Natural resources: petroleum, tin, natural gas, nickel, timber, bauxite, copper, fertile soils, coal, gold, silver

Land use: arable land: 11.03% permanent crops: 7.04% other: 81.93% (2005)

Irrigated land: 45,000 sq km (2003)

Total renewable water resources: 2,838 cu km (1999)

Natural hazards: occasional floods; severe droughts; tsunamis; earthquakes; volcanoes; forest fires volcanism: Indonesia contains the most volcanoes of any country in the world - some 76 are historically active; significant volcanic activity occurs on Java, western Sumatra, the Sunda Islands, Halmahera Island, Sulawesi Island, Sangihe Island, and in the Banda Sea; Merapi (elev. 2,968 m, 9,737 ft), Indonesia's most active volcano and in eruption since 2010, has been deemed a "Decade Volcano" by the International Association of Volcanology and Chemistry of the Earth's Interior, worthy of study due to its explosive history and close proximity to human populations; other notable historically active volcanoes include Agung, Awu, Karangetang, Krakatau (Krakatoa), Makian, Raung, and Tambora

Government type: republic

Capital: name: Jakarta

geographic coordinates: 6 10 S, 106 49 E

time difference: UTC+7 (12 hours ahead of Washington, DC during Standard Time)

Administrative divisions: 30 provinces (provinsi-provinsi, singular - provinsi), 2 special regions (daerah-daerah istimewa, singular - daerah istimewa), and 1 special capital city district(daerah khusus ibukota); Aceh*, Bali, Banten, Bengkulu, Gorontalo, Jakarta Raya, Jambi, Jawa Barat (West Java), Jawa Tengah (Central Java), Jawa Timur (East Java), Kalimantan Barat (West Kalimantan), Kalimantan Selatan (South Kalimantan), Kalimantan Tengah (Central Kalimantan), Kalimantan Timur (East Kalimantan), Kepulauan Bangka Belitung (Bangka Belitung Islands), Kepulauan Riau (Riau Islands), Lampung, Maluku, Maluku Utara (North Maluku), Nusa Tenggara Barat (West Nusa Tenggara), Nusa Tenggara Timur (East Nusa Tenggara), Papua, Papua Barat (West Papua), Riau, Sulawesi Barat (West Sulawesi), Sulawesi Selatan (South Sulawesi), Sulawesi Tengah (Central Sulawesi), Sulawesi Tenggara (Southeast Sulawesi), Sulawesi Utara (North Sulawesi), Sumatera Barat (West Sumatra), Sumatera Selatan (South Sumatra), Sumatera Utara (North Sumatra), Yogyakarta note: following the implementation of decentralization beginning on 1 January 2001, regencies and municipalities have become the key administrative units responsible for providing most government services

Independence: 17 August 1945 (declared); 27 December 1949 (by the Netherlands); note - in August 2005 the Netherlands announced that it had recognized de facto Indonesian independence on 17 August 1945

National holiday: Independence Day, 17 August (1945)

Constitution: August 1945; abrogated by Federal Constitution of 1949 and Provisional Constitution of 1950, restored 5 July 1959; series of amendments concluded in 2002

Legal system: based on Roman-Dutch law, substantially modified by indigenous concepts and by new criminal procedures and election codes; has not accepted compulsory ICJ jurisdiction

Population: 242,968,342 (July 2010 est.) country comparison to the world: 4

Age structure: 0-14 years: 28.1% (male 34,337,341/female 33,162,207) 15-64 years: 66% (male 79,549,569/female 78,918,321) 65 years and over: 6% (male 6,335,208/female 7,968,876) (2010 est.)

Median age: total: 27.9 years male: 27.4 years female: 28.4 years (2010 est.)

Population growth rate: 1.097% (2010 est.) country comparison to the world: 115

Airports: 684 (2010) country comparison to the world: 10

Airports - with paved runways: total: 171 over 3,047 m: 4 2,438 to 3,047 m: 19 1,524 to 2,437 m: 50 914 to 1,523 m: 64 under 914 m: 34 (2010)

Airports - with unpaved runways: total: 513 1,524 to 2,437 m: 4 914 to 1,523 m: 25 under 914 m: 484 (2010)

Heliports: 64 (2010)

Pipelines: condensate 735 km; condensate/gas 73 km; gas 5,800 km; oil 5,721 km; oil/gas/water 12 km; refined products 1,370 km (2009)

Railways: total: 8,529 km country comparison to the world: 25 narrow gauge: 8,529 km 1.067-m gauge (565 km electrified) (2008)

Roadways: total: 437,759 km country comparison to the world: 14 paved: 258,744 km unpaved: 179,015 km (2008)

Waterways: 21,579 km (2011) country comparison to the world: 5

Merchant marine: total: 1,244 country comparison to the world: 8 by type: bulk carrier 95, cargo 601, chemical tanker 57, container 112, liquefied gas 17, passenger 47, passenger/cargo 76, petroleum tanker 214, refrigerated cargo 4, roll on/roll off 12, specialized tanker 1, vehicle carrier 8 foreign-owned: 61 (China 1, France 1, Greece 1, Japan 7, Malaysia 1, Norway 4, Singapore 42, South Korea 1, Taiwan 1, US 2) registered in other countries: 87 (Bahamas 2, Cambodia 2, Hong Kong 8, Liberia 4, Mongolia 2, Panama 14, Singapore 53, unknown 2) (2010)

Ports and terminals: Banjarmasin, Belawan, Kotabaru, Krueg Geukueh, Palembang, Panjang, Sungai Pakning, Tanjung Perak, Tanjung Priok

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Зарегистрирован: 01 июл 2010, 14:25

Re: General information about Indonesia

Сообщение! » 16 мар 2015, 19:45

Jakarta - capital of Indonesia

The capital of Indonesia, Jakarta hot and stuffy - the typical South Asian metropolis. Noisy and overpopulated to the limit, it consists of elegant glass skyscrapers, towering among the terrible slums. On the roads, traffic jams are known around the world, sparkling Lexus'y stand side by side with the poor fat-the fat.
National Monument

An important symbol of Jakarta - the highest tower of the country (130 meters) located on it a viewing platform. Stele set in the heart of the city and its inhabitants reminds of the years of struggle for independence. Tower located on the square Merdeka, which translated to Indonesian means "independence." If you look at the stele, it is virtually the same as the world famous Washington Monument.

The observation deck is located on the top of the tower (115 meters) and climb it is possible by means of the elevator. The underground part of the monument is also not empty. There is a museum dedicated to the history of Indonesia.
National Museum

He is the principal museum of Indonesia, and the exhibition - one of the busiest in the whole south-east Asia. Here you can see all the historical, archaeological and cultural finds. Before you brought national costumes, art objects and utensils of all the peoples of this country. Halls decorated idols and reliefs found in Javanese temples, ritual masks of Bali, a unique collection of Chinese Han Dynasty porcelain and jewelry that belonged to the former rulers of the country.

Near the entrance to the museum, you can see the statue of the elephant, cast in bronze. It was donated in 1871 by the King of Thailand, so the second name of the museum - "House with an elephant."
Little Indonesia

The country's territory stretches for more than fifteen hundred islands. Visit one can not afford any tourist. But here's the park Taman Mini - a great opportunity to look, if not all, then most. Children walk will bring a lot of fun especially, becoming a mini tour.

These parks are offering their country in miniature, are very popular. Something similar is in Thailand and Malaysia. Hundreds of hectares of "Little Indonesia" placed all the provinces of the country. In addition, the Indonesians are constantly carrying out the park costume show.

The largest Catholic cathedral, inherited Muslim Jakarta from the reign of the Netherlands. Lace gothic looks strange amid the hustle and bustle of city, but with all of this continues to take the Cathedral parishioners. And if you wish you can listen to organ music. Concerts are held punctually.!
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Re: General information about Indonesia

Сообщение! » 18 мар 2015, 19:24

Indonesia to abolish visas for Russia in April

The Indonesian Government refuses visa requirements for 30 countries, including Russia, in the next month, said on Tuesday the Jakarta Post.

List of countries for which the visa-free regime introduced initially included China, South Korea, Japan and Russia, but was later increased to 30 states. They included Canada, Mexico and the United States, several European countries, as well as Bahrain, Kuwait, Oman, Qatar and the UAE. When this has been excluded from the list of Australia, for which also originally intended to abolish visas.

According to the forecast of the Ministry of Tourism of Indonesia, the revision of the visa-free list will attract at least 1 million more foreign tourists to the country, which, in turn, will bring additional foreign exchange earnings of $ 1.2 billion.

Now the Indonesian visa is not required for travelers from nine ASEAN member countries, as well as citizens of Chile, Ecuador, Hong Kong, Macao, Morocco and Peru. Tourists from other countries are required to pay $ 35 per month visa visa.

Last year, Indonesia visited 9.4 million foreign tourists, compared to the previous year their number has increased by 7.19%. This year, the authorities hope to attract about 10 million foreign tourists and to receive more than $ 11 billion in profits, according to the publication.

Indonesia is not among the areas most popular among Russians. According to statistics from the Federal Tourism Agency, the number of tourists from our country to Indonesia at the end of 2014 fell by 64% compared with the previous year.!
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