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Top 6 Myths About Pluto - VIDEO PDF Print E-mail
Tuesday, 09 June 2015 06:00

Explore distant Pluto from Earth - a task malovypolnimaya. That is why the dwarf planet since its discovery in 1930, continues to envelop the mystery. However, very soon the scientists finally have a unique opportunity to get answers to their questions. Already on July 14 spacecraft "New Horizons" Pluto close to 12 500 kilometers and will make clear pictures of its surface.

Today, as before this long-awaited event is less than six weeks, it's time to dispel the most common myths and misconceptions about Pluto.

Myth 1: Pluto was named after the Disney character.

To dispel this myth closely enough to trace the chronology of events. The famous Disney Puppy "Pluto" debuted on television in 1930. However, the original puppy named "Rover". Cartoon puppy with "Pluto" was released in 1931 - a year after it was discovered and named by a space object. His name is obliged to dwarf planet Venice Burney (Venetia Burney). As an eleven-year schoolgirl, she suggested "Pluton" as the name for the newly discovered objects.

Myth 2: Pluto - tiny.

Some people tend to believe that Pluto is comparable with ordinary asteroid. It reaches the dwarf planet 2360 km in diameter. Pluto is much more than any other object in the Kuiper Belt - the region beyond the orbit of Neptune, which are icy bodies. The vast majority of these facilities reach only several kilometers in diameter.

Myth 3: Pluto always dark.

Pluto is at a distance of approximately 4.8 billion kilometers from the Sun. In view of this, many people are convinced that on the surface of the dwarf planet round the clock reigns pitch darkness. These conjectures denied Alan Stern, principal investigator of the mission "New Horizons" of the Southwest Research Institute in Boulder, Colorado. "At noon on Pluto is not as dark as many people think. At this time, the dwarf planet about the same as on Earth on an overcast day or during the twilight "- he says.

Myth 4: Pluto was once a Moon of Neptune.

This theory was popular long after the discovery of Pluto. However, it was disproved in 1965 when researchers found an orbital resonance between Pluto and Neptune.

Myth 5: Pluto - this icy world.

Pluto's surface ice cover did, including frozen nitrogen and frozen methane. However, the density of Pluto twice the density of water ice. This indicates that a dwarf planet approximately two thirds consists of stony rocks and only one third of ice. Therefore, correct to say that Pluto - it is a rocky body with an icy shell.

Myth 6: Pluto has no atmosphere.

In the 1980s, researchers discovered that Pluto has an atmosphere that is like the Earth's atmosphere consists mainly of nitrogen. However, the atmosphere of Pluto, also has a high content of carbon monoxide and methane is a much more subtle earth and extends much further into space.


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