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A breakthrough in energy technology will ensure future energy colony on Mars - VIDEO PDF Print E-mail
Monday, 09 March 2015 06:00

Future Mars colonists could use promising technology to produce electricity from solid carbon dioxide, thanks to a new study conducted by researchers from Northumbria, Newcastle and the University of Edinburgh, United Kingdom.

This study proposes a new type of engine, capable of producing energy by means of the Leidenfrost effect - a phenomenon observed in close contact with the surface of the liquid, the temperature of which is much higher than the boiling point of the liquid. This effect is often seen in everyday life, when a drop of water falls on strong hot skillet, but it is also observed for the solid carbon dioxide, better known as dry ice. Blocks of dry ice are able to levitate over with heated surfaces supported by the vapor pressure of the substance sublimes. In the study, researchers from Northumbria are encouraged to use the pair generated by this effect, for driving the motor. This is the first scientific paper, which proposes the use of the Leidenfrost effect to produce electrical energy.

Dr. Gary Velzen, one of the co-authors of the new study, said the main advantages of innovative engine offered his team before the other devices that perform the same function: "The principle of operation of the engine, based on the Leidenfrost effect is significantly different from the principle of the steam heat engine. Layer creates a high pressure vapor freely rotating rotors, energy can be converted into electric power without using the bearing compartment that provides a gain in efficiency by reducing friction. "

Despite the fact that the carbon dioxide in the form of dry ice is relatively rare in the world, but the spacecraft is NASA Mars Reconnaissance Orbiter (MRO) detects increasing evidence of the presence of natural deposits this material on Mars. If you use these reserves dry ice to produce electricity with the help of the engine based on the Leidenfrost effect, then it may be possible in the future to build a power plant on the surface of Mars, the authors of this work.

The study was published in the journal Nature Communications.


НАЖМИТЕ ЗДЕСЬ ДЛЯ ПРОСМОТРА ВСЕГО СПИСКА НОВОСТЕЙ О НЕОБЫЧНЫХ ЯВЛЕНИЯХ>>>

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