Top 12 most serious threats for humanity - VIDEO PDF Print E-mail
Saturday, 21 February 2015 03:00

Cinema or literature often use the image of the end of the world. Some options seem absurd, others are very real. But there is a small list of accidents and disasters, which in reality can destroy humanity.

The fact that the study of the potential global risks exist - it is a good idea, as this reduces the probability of occurrence of such events in the future. But for this similar study should take seriously leaders and scholars, or the necessary measures and will not be accepted.

Study of Global Challenges Foundation suggests a list of the 12 most likely and most dangerous events that can destroy our civilization.

Probability: 0.00013%

If the asteroid is more than five kilometers in diameter in a collision with our planet, the main damage to living beings will be associated with clouds of dust in the upper atmosphere.

These clouds will cause climate change, food shortages and lead to political instability.

If the asteroid is larger, the drop will result in the direct destruction of life on the planet.

The fall of large asteroids occurs about once every 20 million years.
Supervolcano eruption

Probability: 0.00003%

Eruption with the volume of ejected rocks more than 1 thoUSAnd. Cube. km could lead to a global catastrophe.

Dust entering the atmosphere, will prevent the penetration of Sunlight and cause global colder.

Implications of possible eruptions can be compared to nuclear war, only without the firestorms.
Global pandemic

Probability: 0.0001%

Global epidemic of a disease is more likely than considered, as are all extremely dangerous diseases already exist in nature.

The study authors cited as an example of Ebola fever, rabies, infections and HIV.

If they will mutate and disease, which will combine all the signs of illness, the death toll would be extremely large.
Nuclear war

Probability is: 0.005%

Deliberate or inadvertent nuclear conflict in the next century and beyond is estimated at 10%.

Great importance will be the consequences of nuclear strikes. If they cause a "nuclear winter" that would lead to a drop in temperature below zero, wiping out most of the ozone layer will start the firestorms, then it is likely to lead to mass starvation.
Drastic Climate Change

Probability is: 0.01%

The study warns that climate change may be more extreme than some experts believe.

Poor countries may become completely uninhabitable.

Climate change could lead to massive loss of life, hunger, social collapse and mass migration.
Synthetic Biology

Probability is: 0.01%

The most devastating impact of synthetic biology on humanity will be associated with the creation of a pathogen, aimed at anyone or at one of the most important components of the ecosystem.

This may occur as a result of military or commercial biovoyny, bioterrorism or simply due to leakage of the pathogen.

Probability is: 0.01%

Nanotechnology can change a lot in our lives.

But the use of new intelligent or very resistant materials may not be for peaceful purposes only.

With the help of nanotechnology can be created major new arsenal of weapons, including the development of new nuclear weapons.
Unknown effects

Probability: 0.1%

There are a set of unknown consequences that could lead to the end of the world, scientists say, calling for more extensive research on this issue.

In particular, they say that the apparent lack of extraterrestrial life in the galaxy, is proof of the Fermi paradox suggests that intelligent life destroys itself before starting to expand into the galaxy.

There are also several possible causes of the Apocalypse, which simply is not possible to estimate their probability.
Environmental collapse

Probability: Unknown

In this case, the ecosystem will face an abrupt change, which will lead to mass extinction.

Species extinction is now much faster than before, and it will dramatically reduce the space for comfortable living people.

Later seats suitable for life will be less, and they may disappear almost completely.
Global system crash

Probability: Unknown

Global economic and political systems are interconnected, and this leads to a system-wide crashes caused by structural problems.

Economic collapse, usually accompanied by social chaos, civil unrest and enforcement of laws and order.
Future "bad" government

Probability: Unknown

The disaster may be caused by the inability to solve basic problems, such as the Government's failure to mitigate the effects of global poverty.

In addition, in some cases it may be a global totalitarian state.
Artificial Intelligence

Probability: 0-10%

The creation of human-level intelligence can lead to peace, about which they write fiction. Artificial intelligence can try to build a world without people.

There is also the possibility of war with the help of artificial intelligence, or attempts to empower machines such intelligence.

On the other hand, the report also notes that artificial intelligence could withstand another apocalyptic factors.



Related news items:
Newer news items:
Older news items:


Add comment