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On wreck ship found metal bars of the legendary Atlantis - orichalcum - VIDEO PDF Print E-mail
Thursday, 08 January 2015 16:45

Products from the legendary metal that has been used in Atlantis were brought to the surface off the coast of Sicily. The ship, which was carrying them, probably caught in a storm and sank at the time when about to enter the port. It was about 2600 years ago in the first half of the sixth century.

Chief of the Naval Department of Sicily shocked finding 39 bars. Nothing like this had not been able to find "- said TUSA." We knew about the existence of orichalcum of ancient texts and some decorative objects. "Indeed orichalcum has long been considered a mysterious metal, its composition and origin of the widely discussed.



According to the ancient Greeks, it was invented by Cadmus, the Phoenician Greek mythological hero. In the IV century BC Greek philosopher Plato mentioned orichalcum, the legendary metal, in his dialogue "Critias".

In the dialogue "Critias" philosopher Plato (427-327 BC.) Says that the island of Atlantis, many imported from subordinated countries, but much of the need for life gave the island itself, especially all kinds of minerals and solid melting metals and among them what is now known only by name, and then there was in fact - samorodkovy crystalline orichalcum is extracted from the bowels of the earth in various places on the island. Orichalcum emitted fiery shining, was covered on the entire length of the wall surrounding the acropolis. On the territory of the acropolis was the temple of Poseidon, which is to look inside the ceiling of ivory, all trimmed in gold, silver and orichalcum, and the walls, pillars and floors were completely lined orichalcum. Here in the temple rose from orichalcum stele on which were written the laws inscribed More first kings of Atlantis. Describing Atlantis, the flashing "red orichalcum", he wrote that the metal inferior to the cost of only gold.



Today, most scientists believe that orichalcum is an alloy, such as brass, which in ancient times was obtained in the process of carbonization. This process is achieved by reaction of zinc ore, coal and copper metal in the crucible. After analysis of the gamma-rays of 39 bars, it was found that the alloy consists of 75-80 percent copper and 15-20 percent of the zinc and a small part of the nickel, lead and iron.

"The discovery confirms that nearly a century after its founding in 689 BC, Gela evolved, becoming a wealthy city with craft shops, specializing in the production of expensive artifacts" - said TUSA.

39 ingots recovered after the crash, apparently intended for use in the manufacture of jewelry and expensive products. However, Enrico Mattievich (Mattievich), a retired physics professor who taught at the Federal University of Rio de Janeiro (UFRJ), believes that the bars were not made of orichalcum.



"It seems that they are pieces of brass alloy consisting of copper, zinc and lead," - he said Discovery News. Mattievich, who headed a number of studies in the field of physics in relation to mineralogy, paleontology and archeology, is one of the scientists who disagree with the fact that orichalcum is an alloy, such as brass.



While other scholars have equated the mysterious metal to amber and other copper-based alloys, Mattievich believes that orichalcum has its roots in the Peruvian Andes and in the Chavin civilization that developed there since 1200 BC 200 BC

According to the scientist, who claimed in his book "Journey to the mythological Inferno" that the ancient Greeks discovered America, a metal alloy "with a fiery reflection", similar to that described by Plato, was found in a set of metal jaguars, created in the style of Chavin. As it turned out, product consisted of 9 percent copper, 76 percent gold and 15 percent silver.



Whatever the origin and nature of orichalcum, TUSA team plans to conduct excavations at the site of the shipwreck and raise the surface of the whole load.


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