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Most important scientific achievements in 2014 - VIDEO PDF Print E-mail
Friday, 26 December 2014 16:31

On the eve of New Year's American scientific journal Science has made a rating and described the most important technical and popular scientific achievements of the last 12 months.

Among the winners of last years discovery of the Higgs boson, cancer immunotherapy and quantum supercomputer. Scientific breakthroughs of the outgoing 2014 attracted worldwide attention and reminded us of the enormous possibilities of the human mind, and how far from the scientists can advance in their mind-blowing scientific research. The authors of the magazine's most popular led rating is a fantastic achievement, which received more than deserved to be called a major breakthrough in the science of the year.

The first - planting robot "Phil" spacecraft "Rosetta" comet Churyumov - Gerasimenko. Ten-year journey through the 6.5 billion km using the gravitational field of the Earth and Mars and the result is absolutely exact hit a comet was the most ambitious space mission of the year and captured the imagination of millions of earthlings. Study the comet may shed light on how life began in the Universe and marks a new era in research comets.

Second - the emergence of birds. Scientists took a lot of time to analyze the emergence of birds after the era of the dinosaurs, and make scientific findings about how tyrannosaurs turned into flexible and graceful swans hummingbirds. Biologists have studied in detail the mode and tempo of this spectacular transition in the evolution of birds.

Third - young blood, which can reverse the aging process. Studies have proven that the blood test young mice can rejuvenate muscles and brain of old rodents. If the results of the experiments will be fair to people, these ideas will help fight the destructive process of human aging.



Fourth - robots, similar to humans. Such automated machines of artificial intelligence (robots they are not, but are moving by leaps and bounds to it) can work without any control, which is undoubtedly an important first step on their way to eventual world domination.

Fifth - chips that mimic the brain. Computer engineers have rolled out the first large-scale chips for processing information such complex processes occurring in the human brain. Unlike computers, good human brain seeks to address major challenges that integrate large amounts of data. This software will replace the most powerful computers and make a new technological revolution.

Sixth - the world's oldest rock paintings. Scientists have discovered a prehistoric graffiti in the caves of the island of Sulawesi in Indonesia, whose age is at least 40 thoUSAnd. Years. This discovery of the cave art may rewrite the history of mankind.

Seventh - cells that can treat diabetes. Scientists managed to turn embryonic stem cells into cells similar to the beta cells of the immune mechanism, especially important in the fight against diabetes first type.

Eighth - the manipulation of memories. Scientists have learned how to manage specific fragments of memory experiments with rodents, switching the brain activity of mice with laser beams of light. This year, the luminaries of science were able to change the actual emotional perception of memories, turning the bad moments in the life of a good and vice versa.

Ninth - miniature satellites series Cubesat. These cubes side area not exceeding 10 square meters. see ten years ago, worked just as a textbook for students in the laboratory, and this year a record number of desyatisantimetrovyh boxes out into open space.

Tenth - the genetic alphabet. All life on Earth as we know from the genetic information is encoded using four letters of DNA: A, T, G and C. In this, scientists have added to them two more - X and Y. The researchers created new bases in the DNA lab, expanding the genetic code of life and opens the door to the creation of new species of microorganisms. Thus, scientists hope to encode using his artificial DNA proteins are not found in nature, but that would be really able to help in the treatment of incurable diseases.


НАЖМИТЕ ЗДЕСЬ ДЛЯ ПРОСМОТРА ВСЕГО СПИСКА НОВОСТЕЙ О НЕОБЫЧНЫХ ЯВЛЕНИЯХ>>>

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