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Automatic interplanetary station NASA's New Horizons («New Horizons") is derived from hibernation mode near Pluto - VIDEO PDF Print E-mail
Monday, 08 December 2014 11:00

Automatic interplanetary station NASA's New Horizons («New Horizons") is derived from hibernation mode and prepares to start the main part of its mission - monitoring system Pluto - Charon. This was reported in the microblogging American space agency.

"She's alive! Mission Control Center at NASA's New Horizons just received full confirmation at 21:53 Eastern time (5:53 Moscow time - approx. "Heathcliff!"). Pluto, be ready! "- Said in a statement.

The main objective of the program is to study the New Horizons dwarf planets Pluto and Charon. Scientific equipment installed at the plant is expected to gather data on the possible presence of the magnetosphere Pluto, atmospheric composition and structure of its surface, as well as interacting with Charon.

Both planets are located at a distance of about 30 (at perihelion) and 50 (at aphelion) astronomical units from the Sun. The distance between Pluto and Charon is 19,570 kilometers, which is almost 20 times less than the distance between the Earth and the Moon. Both planets are dwarf: the diameter of Pluto is about 2390 kilometers, and Charon - 1212 km; Pluto nine times heavier than Charon, and the center of gravity of the system is located between the surface of the planet.

According to some reports, these planets may be present associated atmosphere - some of the molecules of the atmosphere of Pluto, Charon can move on. The study of this issue, in particular, will New Horizons. Also, the data collected by the station, let see if there is water on Pluto Ocean, located under the ice.


New Horizons mission is a project of NASA. The cost of its implementation of more than 600 million dollars. The unit itself was launched into space 19 January 2006 with the launch site at Cape Canaveral on a booster Atlas V.

During its journey from Earth to Pluto station performs several gravity assist and conducted a series of test studies. In particular, June 13, 2006 the unit was 110 thoUSAnd kilometers from the small asteroid 132524 APL and photographed it. However, most of the trip New Horizons is in hibernation mode.

July 14, 2015, as expected, the station closer to the minimum distance to Pluto - 12.5 thoUSAnd kilometers. At this time will have a peak research mission.

After the system Pluto - Charon NASA specialists are going to use the station for the study of the solar system beyond the orbit of the dwarf planet - the Kuiper Belt. It consists of asteroids formed ice - frozen methane, ammonia and water. The mission of New Horizons, is expected to complete its work in the mid-2020s.


НАЖМИТЕ ЗДЕСЬ ДЛЯ ПРОСМОТРА ВСЕГО СПИСКА НОВОСТЕЙ О НЕОБЫЧНЫХ ЯВЛЕНИЯХ>>>

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