How correctly to wash vegetables, fruits and berries PDF Print E-mail
Thursday, 05 June 2014 02:00

Everyone knows that any vegetables , fruits and berries should be washed thoroughly . Thanks to this procedure with fruit removed earth , dust and sand. In addition, cleaning products allows you to remove pesticides, which are processed by the plant during growth ( for pest control , for example) and some microorganisms that are on the surface of products , writes Neboley.

General recommendations

There are general rules for washing vegetables and fruits. It is no secret that many imported fruits and vegetables treated with waxes and paraffins. To wash away this surface layer , the fruit must be washed thoroughly with soapy water using a brush . Wash vegetables , fruits and berries as possible under running water manually or using special nets and colanders wash products. If you suffer from allergies , it is useful to pre-soak imported fruits and vegetables for an hour in cold water. It is also recommended to clean off any rind from fruit and vegetables brought from abroad , even apples.

The faster the process of washing vegetables , fruits and berries , the more you save vitamins in foods . But the quality of washing should not suffer . There washed fruits and vegetables better immediately after washing . The reason for this haste is that during the processing of the fruit peel water damaged , the fetus begins to deteriorate rapidly and, therefore, lose the beneficial properties . To preserve maximum nutrients , clean fruit and vegetables should be stainless steel knife .

If clearing cucumber , zucchini or potatoes , under the skin you found yellow spots better to throw these vegetables , because they have too much nitrate . To reduce the amount of nitrates , they can be put on a night in salt water . But it also will decrease the amount of vitamins .

For each product - its approach

Potatoes, carrots , beets , turnips , radishes , radish , horseradish and other root vegetables , you must first clear the land. To do this, they need to pour warm water and let it stand for a bit . Then clean off the ground should be thoroughly brushed . After that vegetables should be rinsed with warm, then cold running water and peel .

Cucumbers, tomatoes, peppers , zucchini, squash , eggplant , squash , green beans and peas is recommended to wash hands under running water or brush. Before you wash the onions , it is necessary to cut the Donets . Then you need to clean the bulb of the dry husk . Thereafter bow washed in cold running water. Corn on the cob should be thoroughly washed in cold water, pre- releasing from the leaves .

Oranges , tangerines , grapefruit, lemons and other citrus recommended to scalding hot water. This is done in order to get rid of surface preservatives. Then they need to rinse with cold running water.

Apples, pears , peaches, apricots, plums , bananas, pomegranates and other fruits should be thoroughly washed with cold , running water carefully , and preferably with soap and water. Pineapple is recommended to wash under running water right along with the leaves. Then you need to shake off the drops and give it to dry . Melons should wash under running water with your hands or a brush.

Grapes should be washed under a " shower " of the faucet . Then you need to drain the water. Clusters can be divided without taking berries from stalks , and rinse under running water , then dry them in a colander .

Seeds purchased as a market , and in the store, before use is required to wash . Rinse them under the faucet with cold water , place in a strainer or colander and quickly pour over boiling water. This will help get rid of preservatives that manufacturers often add in dried fruits. Natural dried fruits, without preservatives should hold longer in hot water, sand and moved to other natural impurities .

Cabbage , as a rule, do not wash . Usually she removed the upper leaves , contaminated, povyadshie affected by pests and getting to clean and fresh . Stalk is recommended to remove and dispose , as it is a source of nitrates.

Before you wash the greens , it is treated carefully - remove the roots , stems, yellowing leaves . Most often it is very difficult to wash out the greens from the earth, sand and dust , so it is recommended lettuce, spinach , sorrel , rhubarb , fennel , parsley , green onion pens not wash under running water , and cold water poured into the large bowl. In the course of the water should be changed several times , so that all the dirt has settled . Only then washed under the tap greens .

Celery salad before washing clean - cut off the roots , clean dark areas on the stem. Thereafter celery is placed for 1-2 hours in cold water , and then washed two times with clean water.

Wash leeks should be only after he has gone bad will be deleted upper leaves . It can also be cut along . So better to remove dirt from the leaves. Wash leeks recommended in ample pot with plenty of water .

Before wash cauliflower florets need to clean it from the darkened places with a knife or spatula . In cauliflower may be minor bugs . To get rid of them , you need to hold tight inflorescence or salt water for 5-10 minutes or half an hour in water with vinegar rate of 1 tablespoon to 1 gallon of water.

Before eating artichokes , they cut off the stem and all the rough and damaged leaves . Thereafter, they are washed in cold running water. In the lower part of the food consumed artichoke leaf - top scales inedible.

Asparagus wash in cold water in a roomy bowl . Then asparagus purified sharp knife in the direction from the head to the base of the stem from the need to withdraw the head of about 2 cm after cleaning asparagus again quickly rinsed in cold water.

Before washing kochanchiki Brussels sprouts cut from the stem. Not recommended to do this in advance , otherwise the sprouts wither . Spoiled places cut . Thereafter, the cabbage to the cold water wash.

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