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"Venus Express" will enter into the atmosphere of Venus- VIDEO PDF Print E-mail
Monday, 19 May 2014 12:02

The European Space Agency is preparing to conduct an interesting experiment: brake apparatus "Venus Express" by the descent into the Venusian atmosphere, without using expensive missiles. After eight years of study of the second planet in our solar system, "Venus Express", the unit of the European Space Agency (ESA), will enter the Venusian atmosphere in the next two months. According to the ESA, the work of "Venus Express" came to an end as its rocket fuel is nearly exhausted. The last mission of the unit will be to study the Venusian atmosphere close during flight through it. On the "Venus Express" are located seven high-precision instruments for a detailed study of the ionosphere, atmosphere and surface of Venus. The device was launched on November 9, 2005 from the Baikonur Cosmodrome, using rocket "Soyuz-FG". In April next year, it was already on the 24 -hour elliptical orbit of neighbor of Earth, flying at an altitude of 66,000 km above the south pole of Venus and only 250 km - over the north. During his eight-year career apparatus provided scientists with a wealth of new information about the Venusian atmosphere, the rotation of the planet, its magnetic poles and possible tectonic activity. Given that fuel reserves "Venus Express" coming to an end, ESA gradually begins descent apparatus into the atmosphere. One of the goals of this maneuver - getting valuable experience in the art of aerobraking, that will be used in future missions. ESA is going to slow down the machine lowered without using expensive missiles. Experiment on aerobraking will be held sometime between June 18 and July 11, with the devices unit will continue to receive and process data about the planet's atmosphere. Experts are not sure, that survive of the "Venus Express" will be a similar test. If so, its mission is likely to continue for several more months, VIDEO:

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