Top 10 most unusual technologies - VIDEO PDF Print E-mail
Monday, 08 June 2015 03:00

The concept of wireless electricity appeared much earlier than you might think: Nikola Tesla could improve their critical technology a century ago, if I was not a poor loser, slightly gone mad.

Who knows if he would have tried a little more, the wireless energy would already be available. In any case, it does not exist, and scientists around the world are fighting in an attempt to convey electricity at least ten meters in the air. Why are there - and three meters is good.

Private advantage of this trend - wireless charging. Companies like Qualcomm and Witricity a very long time trying to develop electric "hubs" that would feed all the equipment in your home. The prototype of the first company called Prodigy and is based on a study of the physics of Marina Solzhachicha from MIT. The system works by exploiting the fact that certain frequencies of electromagnetic waves facilitate the transmission of energy, and two objects resonate at this frequency can easily exchange power, even if they are located at a distance and are made of metal. If the technology will bring to mind, it might save us from wires.

The super-fast Maglev

Trains on magnetic levitation, or maglev, is in development for a long time - and projects for their construction has already begun. In Japan, for example, plans by 2045 to put Maglev across the city that can accelerate to 480 km / h. These trains travel without wheels - and therefore without friction. Maglev levitate above the ground, held the electromagnetic field. Although the Japanese model is impressive, one company in the small town of Colorado wants to get rid of one more barrier to dispersal: wind resistance.

In fairness, we note that the elimination of this factor does not raise rates through the roof. Daryl Oster of ET3 said that the concept of his company Evacuated Tube Transport - is the future of transport. Their track is a vacuum tube, allowing the capsule to break up to 6500 km / h and at the same time exposing the gravitational load of passengers comparable to a leisurely ride. Through the whole country can be reached in less than an hour. ET3 built a prototype of the capsule, and probably still looking for a suitable site to build the first pipe.

As you know, fit in a single list of all the technology, the appearance of which can change the world, it is difficult. We want flying cars and floating boards, and fusion, and phones with a paper thickness. Sooner or later, everything will be. And even that.

Artificial gills

Inventors have long tried to create underwater breathing apparatus, who would keep oxygen and removed it from the water, like the gills. Israeli inventor Alon Bodner came closest to the target.

A device called LikeAFish operates using a centrifuge, lowering the water pressure in the sealed chamber. Since the water contains very little oxygen, the device must pass about 190 liters per minute, the common man was breathing comfortably. Despite this, the only real barrier to implementation is the size and weight, but the device may well adopt a war in the next few years.

Such a system will stay longer "at the bottom" without the need for refueling will reduce the amount of oxygen and nitrogen, which is exposed to the effects of the diver. According to the site Bodner, the whole in 2012 the company held "in a calm development of a prototype for installing on board a naval submarine", so it is possible that by 2014, the inventors have achieved even greater success.

Agricultural robots

Agrokulturnogo, or agricultural robots are still in their infancy, but already give so much good fruit (literally) that MIT has included them in the list of the ten most promising technologies, in addition to editing the genome and flexible robots.

In agriculture, each year there is a constant shortage of labor. Many companies around the world are trying to bring to the market robotic laborers, but it is very difficult to do, as in robotics, unlike any other sphere (excluding medicine), it is difficult not only to find a serious financing, but also to prove the viability of the project.

But the technology is evolving and is easy to assume that in the near future will unfold in full force. A Boston company, raised nearly $ 8 billion of investments in 2011, has developed a robot which, it claims, can perform 40% of manual labor, replacing farm workers. Japanese research company has developed a robot that makes stereoscopic strawberry to determine its ripeness before gathering. At MIT there is a garden of cherry tomatoes, which is served by a small team of robots equipped with image sensors. Of course, the main advantage of robotic workers that they can work around the clock and not get tired.

Tablets from the Sun

People need effective protection against Sunburn, which can be taken orally. One doctor claims that the fern extract containing the compound polypodium leucotomos, may serve in this capacity. He cites a study in which people who received the active ingredient, and got less Sun damage to the skin. However, the doctor notes that participation took only twelve people.

Other promising research at King's College in London focuses on the method by which corals protect themselves from the Sun - through the connection with the symbiotic algae living in them. Algae produce a chemical component that coral turns into your own Sunscreen, and benefit not only receives coral, and algae - more fish feeds on corals. This study prompted scientists to think that if you select an active connection, it can be saved by the Sun and man, eyes and skin. Here is what Dr. Paul Long, head of the project:

"It takes a lot of toxicological tests, but I can already see how in five years will be a tablet from Sunburn or something. So far, nothing like this. "

Flexible "paper" Computers and phones

In early 2013, the European company Plastig Logic has introduced a product called Papertab. It's a cross between "paper" and "tablet", but full-featured tablet computer with a touch screen, not just thin, like a sheet of paper, but also the same flexibility. The Company believes that such cars will become popular in five or ten years, as can be inexpensive and interactive. Users can expand the number of those working on the same project with different media services.

The joint project of two American and Canadian universities dubbed Paperphone. Director of the Queen's University Dr. Roel Vertegaal believes that the future of this device. "Everything goes to the fact that this will be the future in five years."

The device is a standard smartphone size, with a 3.7-cm display, but then again, thin and flexible. Users can set the team "cranking gestures." When not in use, it does not consume energy, and it is much harder to damage than a normal phone.

Regeneration of teeth

We often talk about the regeneration of parts of the human body, but for the most part it relates to science fiction. While that many species of animals are able to fully grow lost parts, even the brain. It has long been known that alligators can grow lost teeth, but they do this process is believed to be cyclical: the same rate snake sheds its skin. Not so long ago, scientists themselves dissuaded: alligator tooth grows automatically to replace the lost. This is very important because the structure of alligator teeth similar to ours.

The problem was that the inner region of the teeth comprise living tissue, known as sludge, which does not grow. However, there are several solutions. Firstly, this stem cells: in 2012, November, University of Utah confirmed in laboratory conditions that the stem cells can be made to produce the desired tissue and dental structure. Secondly, as we recently wrote, the impact of an ordinary laser can stimulate the growth of dental tissue.

Holographic TV

Although the ultra-definition television is developing in full swing, in fact, in a small screen (even two-meter) does not fit a lot of pixels. Is that the next generation of television sets will not have any visual area. Perhaps the whole room becomes a TV - holographic displays are being actively developed.

Researchers at the Massachusetts Institute of Technology, who loves to delight us with advanced technology, have created a chip that can support a holographic display 50 gigapixel per second - enough to simulate an object of the present world, reports Nature. But do not hurry to rejoice - this technology is unlikely in the near future will be on the mass market, because it costs a fortune. The head of the object-oriented media group MIT Bov Michael believes that holographic TV will not earlier than ten years, at a cost of modern flat-panel TVs. Another company - Provision - an inexpensive holoprojector that projects a 45-cm picture. The company's goal - to create a projector the size of a toaster, which will be able to visualize an image of up to two meters.

Google Earth real-time

The RAL Space, Oxford scientists are building two video cameras, which are not similar to any other. Meter pipe packed electronics and rear-view mirrors. These cameras must be installed on the outside of the International Space Station. However, their goal - not to shoot space - they will be directed towards the Earth. As though the resolution is not very good (about a meter per pixel), they will shoot streaming video of the planet in real time.

Meanwhile, several researchers at Georgia Tech a little bit different approach to the same goal. They take many shots from video in real time around the world and use them to create complex animations, sometimes gluing multiple camera angles. Their main goal - to people and machines, but they would like to add animals and weather conditions. It may have added.

Work fusion reactor

Nuclear fission (the process by which nuclear power stations generate power) is much easier to control than the fusion (the process by which the Sun burns). The small fusion reactors have already been built, but the use of them is not - not the scale. A consortium of seven partners (US, Europe, Russia, China, Japan, South Korea and India) chose the site in France for the construction of the first working fusion reactor. And while it is being built, and it is not less than ten years, nuclear fusion is cleaner and gives three to four times more energy than fission.

The project called ITER, the International Thermonuclear Experimental Reactor, and it is the second largest international scientific attempt to do something in cooperation (second only to the International Space Station). The reactor uses a magnetic field in a donut shape to keep the gases temperature which will reach those in the core of the Sun - over 150 million degrees centigrade. It is planned that the reactor will produce 10 times more energy than it uses.



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