Education will be based on Internet technology and gadgets such as Google Glass - VIDEO PDF Print E-mail
Tuesday, 26 May 2015 06:00

Last year, the newspaper The New York Times named Michio Kaku, one of the smartest people in New York. American physicist of Japanese descent, spent a number of studies in the study of black holes and accelerating expansion of the Universe. It is known as an active popularizer of science. The assets of the scientist - several best-selling books (many translated into Russian, including "Introduction to the theory of superstrings", "Physics of the Impossible", "Physics of the Future"), the transmission cycle for the BBC and Discovery. Kaku - a teacher of world renown: he is a professor of theoretical physics at New York's City College, has traveled the world giving lectures. Michio Kaku told recently in an interview with "The Power of Money", how he sees the future of education.

In his book "Physics of the Future" you write that education will be based on Internet technology and gadgets such as Google Glass. What other changes will occur in the global field of study?

Michio Kaku. Most importantly - do not study will be based on memorization. Soon computers and Google Glass glasses are transformed into tiny lenses, providing the ability to download all the necessary information. There are already augmented reality glasses that have a function. Therefore, in a year or two pupils and students in the exams can easily find answers to questions on the internet: it is enough to blink - and there will be the necessary information. On the one hand, it does not have to overload the brain of useless knowledge base percentage which, as practice shows, are not subsequently used. On the other - to release the mental reserve reoriented to develop the ability to think, analyze, argue and make the right decisions in the end.

In this case, obviating the need and exams, and teachers?

MK Of course, we will become more autonomous, will take greater responsibility for their lives, accordingly, does not need any "supervisory authorities". People will form themselves, with really knowing what knowledge they need. And if you need assistance, they will receive it, for example, "smart" walls. Very soon these devices, based on artificial intelligence technology, will be located everywhere: in apartments, offices, on the streets. Suffice it to get closer to the wall and say, "I want to talk to a professor of biology." And then the wall will be a scientist who can give you all the necessary information. Such a system would be applicable not only in education but in other areas: medicine, law, design, psychology, and so forth. Of course, the real experts, such as surgeons will be needed, but simple problems can be solved virtually. As for teachers, they are "alive" is certainly not needed.

Will people move quickly on self-education, online learning?

MK University online courses already exist, it really is a brilliant idea. However, the percentage had dropped out on these programs is very high. This is due to the fact that people have not yet rebuilt, we have not learned to work without a tutor on a "just you and the computer monitor," they do not have high motivation. On the other hand, the online system is in its infancy, it should be corrected. But developing and improving it rather quickly, and, of course, that her education next 50 years. Universities continue, but it will be mainly virtual universities where tuition is based on the cloud system. Those who attend the lecture in the traditional educational institutions will be considered losers. On them will say, "He was not able to construct their own education."

Now confirmation of receipt of baggage of knowledge is a diploma. How can the future specialist will prove their competence in a particular area?

MK Diplomas will disappear as unnecessary - especially because education will cease to be limited to a specific time and space frame. Apparently, there will be certification centers in which specialists will take the qualification exams, which determine a set of skills and competencies. Depending on the result of people getting or not getting a certain position. Perhaps, over time, introduce as a standardized scale of points - the number will allow to take a certain position in society. Accordingly, universities are becoming service providers, who do not appreciate these services. In the United States, Canada, Japan, Europe is very popular system portfolio, when a person accumulates while studying diplomas, certificates and provides them to the employer. In the future, the accumulated intellectual baggage will be one of the key elements of the education system, and information technology services will make available human and transparent.

If adults can expect a conscious approach to education, children are unlikely to learn without constant monitoring ...

MC will actively develop children's educational services. In the next 10-15 years the possibility of what is now referred to as extra-systemic form, will be limitless. In particular, is such a service as online pedagogy. And online - it does not mean that everyone is sitting in front of computer and looking at the monitor: change the very environment in which people live, and the interfaces that interact with them. Cities of the future filled with information and communication solutions, will themselves active participants in the new educational environment. In particular, it will offer more games for the children, who for many days and months will pass in a real urban or specially prepared spaces. Textbooks learn stuff artificial intelligence, and he will be able to pick up educational materials - photos, texts, videos, job schemes to the needs of each individual student, regardless of how old he is - six or sixty. There are many developments, they are gradually being introduced.

Now, to become a good specialist, you need to turn out the knowledge base and gain experience. What will need to become a successful person in the future?

MK To achieve real success, we must develop the abilities that are not available robots: creativity, imagination, initiative and leadership. Society is gradually moving from a commodity economy to the intellectual and creative. No wonder Tony Blair likes to say that Britain receives more income from rock 'n' roll than that of their mines. It is much more likely to succeed in those countries that will be able to balance the commodity markets and cognitive-creative potential. Nations that believe only in agriculture, will not last long, they are doomed to poverty.

Most futurologists predict that the lion's share of jobs will be occupied by robots. What will be the man?

MK most money will be biotechnology, nanotechnology and artificial intelligence. It is changing not only the education system but the system works. Very soon there will be people in the factories, but there will be many new specialties in the intellectual sphere. The most important thing - in time to orient and switch. The problem with most people is that they are inert and not a step can not do without looking at the crowd. The first thing you need to learn if you want to succeed in the future - do not be afraid to be different, to take full responsibility for your life, do not be afraid of one day everything changed, and follow a new path.

Now the unemployment rate is higher than ever, especially among young people. Should I just write it off to the world crisis or the share of the blame lies with including the inefficiency of the education system?

MK current educational system trains specialists of the past. We teach them that they were going to work, which no longer exists, provide those intellectual tools that have long been ineffective. Therefore, in the world of such a high percentage of the unemployed. Why should a business owner to hire graduates: besides, they do not have adequate knowledge, so more and no experience. As a result, most of the world's leading companies dominate the 50-60-year-olds. But they will continue to learn - once people are quietly live up to 120 years and follow the inevitable, in my view, the concept of lifelong education. So now the experts of educational sphere radically revising the curricula in the natural sciences, which are directly related to the technologies of the future.

But not all have the tendency to intellectual work. Because of how talent is not prone to mental activity a person can survive in a world of robots?

MK Neither highly artificial intelligence is not able to fully replace the human. We are actually more advantages over cars than we can imagine. For example, a robot is no creative thinking, they have no consciousness of intuition. Therefore, they say, can not substitute for a stock broker, for which the main thing is not the intellect and intuition. Survive gardeners, construction workers, manual workers, whose work is tied to kreative - that is assumed to be automatic execution of functions and change of approach at different stages. In the near future, "workers" are recognized specialty, which are now considered to be intelligent: programming, web design, 3D-design. What would a person not engaged, it has everything to be creative, lively imagination, the ability to quickly navigate the changing circumstances and a well-developed intuition.

What changes are expected to the human intellect in connection with the development of modern technology - from medicine to cybernetics?

MK is quite real that by 2050 will create super-intelligence, far surpassing the best minds in virtually all areas. For example, recently an international team of scientists in the framework of the European project Human Brain Project with an investment of $ 1 billion has created a unique map of the human brain Big Brain, showing its detailed structure of up to 20 micrometers. Such anatomical atlas, not only simplify the work of neurologists and neurosurgeons can help treat serious diseases, but also provide an opportunity to see how the brain processes emotions, perceives the information. This will significantly speed up the process of creating superintelligence, and will maximize safely improve and stimulate the natural cognitive processes, knowledge base to turn out. Brain chips that provide a continuous supply of information - technology the near future.




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