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Men and women were equal in primitive society - VIDEO PDF Print E-mail
Tuesday, 26 May 2015 03:00

Gender equality was the norm for most of our evolutionary history, scientists say. Anthropologists of the UK undertook to disprove the stereotype of primitive patriarchal society. "It is generally thought that the hunter-gatherers - it's such a male-dominated macho.

We affirm that the men began to dominate, but when there was agriculture and people have learned to accumulate resources that gave rise to inequality among the sexes "- says study author Mark Dybul anthropologist at University College London.

Effect of men and women in society Marc assessed on the basis of the composition of the tribe. Academic wondered who decides whose relatives have to live in one camp. The hypothesis is as follows. When the leading role played by one of the sexes (usually men) gather together close relatives, others by blood while trying to keep away. At equality of the sexes chance to be with the unfamiliar person grow significantly.

Scientists have for two years were observing two groups of modern hunter-gatherers: palanan-act with the Philippines and mbendzhele pygmies from Congo. information on their family tree compared with data Paranal tribe of farmers, which is characterized by a patriarchal culture. It was found that among hunter-gatherers living in four times as many individuals who are not relatives, than among farmers. This confirmed the original hypothesis of equality of scientists in the first human societies.

Convinced Mark Dybul, gender equality is an evolutionary advantage, which increases the chances of survival of the tribe. "When men and women make decisions on an equal footing, you can not get a group of four or five brothers and their families - says Dibble. - Gender equality contributes to broader social relations, a greater variety of marriage partners. In addition, gender equality and the resettlement of families to different places to expand the number of settlements where a person has relatives. It promotes mutual assistance and exchange of information on distance, thus spurring the development of human society. "

According to Dybul, namely equality of the sexes helped the man to get ahead compared to other primates. "Chimpanzees live in hostile societies where all seasoned males. As a result, these monkeys in your life see too little of male strangers, to learn new skills, "- said Mark. The scientist believes that the transition to patriarchy occurred in the Neolithic with the appearance of agriculture and animal husbandry. Then the men have learned to accumulate economically significant resources (grain, livestock etc..), There was polygamy, which contributed to the establishment of a patriarchal culture.

It is worth noting that not all anthropologists agree with the conclusions Dybul. Opponents believe the hypothesis unconvincing, saying that it is impossible to judge the primitive societies on the basis of modern hunter-gatherers.
 


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