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People do not distinguished blue color 10 thousand years ago - VIDEO PDF Print E-mail
Wednesday, 11 March 2015 23:59

The study of how people perceive and called color, along with the study of kinship terms, one of the most popular fields of study for the senses. Until relatively recently - not earlier Neolithic revolution about 10,000 years ago - perhaps no one could see what actually color the sky, as in many languages ​​simply did not have a term for blue.

So, in 1856 William Gladstone (William Gladstone), the future British Prime Minister said that throughout the text the "Odyssey" about any one object does not say that he blue or blue color, and about the sea even said that it is " Wine and black "color.

However, this is not entirely true, the description of the cornice in the palace of the king Alcinous, use a color that we would now be translated as "dark blue" or "cornflower (cyanus)» in the English translation. However, no doubt that blue objects mentioned in the "Odyssey," much less likely than white or black, and even rarer than the red and yellow.

According to the expert Radiolab Guy Deutscher (Guy Deutscher), the first mention of a mass of blue things going on in the ancient Egyptian literature, and in the early texts Indo-European languages, Greek, Old Persian or Sanskrit, blue practically does not occur.

Mayans also did not write about anything blue. It could not help but notice, as the blue things are pretty rare in nature, except that there are blue eyes, but it is a relatively recent mutation, as well as some flowers, sky and water. But the last two objects appear to us only blue.

Modern research of words denoting color, began in 1969 in Berlin and Kay (Berlin, Kay). Usually, people who study the color, suitable to the case as follows: ask for a test or to share an extensive color palette into separate parts - the colors, or to name the individual elements of this palette.

As a result, almost half a century of research, analyzed a large number of systems tsvetooboznacheny different peoples living on all continents. Scientists have divided met their words into two groups - basic color terms, ie those names for which non-derivative, known to all carriers and non-basic.

In languages ​​usually have only three to six basic color categories. Scientists have also found that if the system is only 3 basic words, it is more often the word for white, black and red, but white and black in these languages ​​rather close to the value of our "light" and "dark" than actual "white" and "black".

If the language for more than three terms, the fourth is usually yellow, and the fifth - the green, and then later start languages ​​separately allocate blue. Read more about the origin of these terms can be found in the atlas typological language WALS.

A separate question is whether native speakers, where the blue is not a base color that distinguishes it from the green. Apparently, yes, but it will take them longer than those in the language of blue and green which are expressed in different words.

For example, the people of Nimba, who lives in South Africa, it is better to distinguish between different shades of green, for which they have separate words than they emit green and blue items, since the word for them one. Similarly, the Russian media as compared to a native English is easier to do the job to distinguish blue from blue - due to the fact that in Russian are two different words.


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