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Dogs helped people to win the Neanderthals - VIDEO PDF Print E-mail
Wednesday, 04 March 2015 23:59

Modern people (migrants from Africa) won the European Neanderthals thanks to their dogs - the main role was played by the ability of domesticated wolves catch prey and deter predators. With this theory in his new book made American anthropologist Pat Shipman (Pat Shipman), a short monograph tells about The Guardian.

"At that time (in Europe - approx." Heathcliff! ") Higher order predators were Cro-Magnons, Neanderthals and wolves - they are all competing for mammoths and other large herbivores. But then we have made a covenant with the wolves that killed the Neanderthals, "- says Shipman.

According to the anthropologist, the ancestors of modern humans have joined forces with the wolves soon after its introduction in Europe about 45,000 years ago. As a result, the dog began to chase prey, as well as to drive away from the carcasses of other predators (especially lions and leopards). Dogs were chasing elk, buffalo and rhinos, exhausting them - and then finished off people or animals spear shot from a bow. "That is, the dogs did not need to attack angry herbivores, and people - to expend energy on the prosecution. Meat they shared with each other. This division of labor has won everything, "- says anthropologist.

When the Cro-Magnon man and wolf (dog) began to hunt together, they strongly occupied a dominant position in the food chain. On the contrary, there are no data indicating that Neanderthals hunted with dogs. This approach was the last reason to destroy an archaic form of Homo. Following the Neanderthals disappeared from Europe lions, mammoths, hyenas and buffalo.

Another argument Shipman - the presence of the white sclera (whites of the eyes), wolves and humans (only one of all primates). This anatomical feature makes it easy to understand where the other person looks than very conducive to non-verbal communication among hunters. Mutation, giving a white sclera, has become extremely common among people just 40,000 years ago.

However, the theory of Shipman is one weak spot: a recognized date of domestication of wolves is the time 10-15 thoUSAnd years ago, on the eve of the emergence of agriculture and the transition to a sedentary lifestyle. In early February 2015 in the journal Scientific Reports published a study whose authors argue that many famous skull "dog" Paleolithic (which just writes Shipman) actually belonged to a wild wolves. If the domestication of dogs occurred only in the Neolithic period, the theory of American anthropologist would be false.


НАЖМИТЕ ЗДЕСЬ ДЛЯ ПРОСМОТРА ВСЕГО СПИСКА НОВОСТЕЙ О НЕОБЫЧНЫХ ЯВЛЕНИЯХ>>>

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