Russia, the US and China tested a hypersonic weapon - VIDEO PDF Print E-mail
Thursday, 26 February 2015 18:00

Russia, the US and China were hypersonic weapon that radically changing the face of war and makes it almost useless modern air defenses. Once again, the military technology ahead of time and put new questions about the safety of billions of people on Earth.

In January, there was a significant event: the club owners hypersonic weapon technology added a new member. China 9 January 2015 experienced a hypersonic glider (sailplane) called WU-14. This operated vehicle, which is mounted on top of an intercontinental ballistic missile (ICBM). Rocket glider lifts into space, after which the glider dives on the target, developing speed of thoUSAnds of kilometers per hour.

 According to the Pentagon, the Chinese hypersonic WU-14 can be mounted on a variety of Chinese ballistic missiles with a range of 2 thoUSAnd. To 12 thoUSAnd. Km. In the January 14 WU-test speed of 10 developed M - is more than 12.3 thoUSAnd. Km / h. Modern means of defense is not able to reliably hit a maneuvering target flying at this speed. Thus, China became the third country after the United States and Russia, has the technology of hypersonic vehicles for nuclear and conventional weapons.

The US and China are working on similar projects hypersonic gliders who receive initial acceleration due to rise to great heights with the launch vehicle, and then accelerated during the controlled descent from high altitudes. The advantages of such a system - long range (up to a global impact on any point on the surface of the Earth), a relatively simple device glider (no main engine), the great mass of the warhead and high speed flight (over 10 m).

Russia focused on developing missiles with Scramjet (scramjet), which can be launched from land, ships or aircraft. There is a Russian-Indian project to develop such weapons systems, so that by 2023, India can also enter the "hypersonic club." The advantage of hypersonic missiles in lower cost and greater flexibility of application unlike gliders launched with the help of an ICBM.


Both types of hypersonic weapons can carry conventional or nuclear warhead (warhead). Specialists Australian Strategic Policy Institute estimated that the kinetic energy of the impact hypersonic warhead (without high-explosive or nuclear warhead) with a mass of 500 kg and a speed of 6 m to inflict destruction is comparable with conventional warheads undermine the subsonic missile AGM-84 Harpoon, equipped with an explosive warhead weighing about 100 kg. This is only a quarter of the firepower of the Russian anti-ship missile P-270 Mosquito with explosives weighing 150 kg and a speed of 4 M.

It would seem that hypersonic weapons are not far superior to the existing supersonic, but things are not so simple. The fact that the ballistic missile warheads are easily detected at a large distance and fall at a predictable trajectory. And although their speed is huge, modern computer technology has made it possible to intercept warheads during descent, with varying success that demonstrates the US missile defense system.

Russia's new strategic bomber will receive a hypersonic weapon

At the same time hypersonic aircraft go on relatively flat target trajectory in the air are short, and can maneuver. In most scenarios, modern air defense system is not able in a short period of time to find and hit the hypersonic target.

Hypersonic missile at a rate of 6 M over the distance from London to New York in just 1 hour

  Modern anti-aircraft missiles simply can not catch up with hypersonic target, for example, anti-aircraft missile system S-300 can accelerate to a speed of 7.5 m, and then only for a short time. Thus, the target speed of about 10 M for it in most cases will be "too tough". In addition, killability hypersonic weapons can be increased through the use of a cassette warhead: high-speed shrapnel from tungsten "nails" is able to destroy the industrial facility, a large ship or destroy the accumulation of troops and armored vehicles over a large area.

Distribution of hypersonic weapons, the ability to pass through any air defense system poses new issues of global security and military parity. If this area is not reached equilibrium deterrence, as is the case with nuclear weapons, hypersonic impacts may become a common tool of pressure, because only a few of hypersonic warheads can destroy the economy of a small country.

According to the calculations of the Pentagon, the US program prompt global strike by a hypersonic weapons for no radiation contamination in an hour to hit any target anywhere in the world. Even in the event of a nuclear conflict, the system can partially replace nuclear weapons, affecting up to 30% of the targets.

Thus, members of the "hypersonic Club" will be able to almost guaranteed to destroy the enemy's critical infrastructure, such as power, control points army, military bases, major cities and industrial sites. According to experts, before the first production models of hypersonic weapons left 10-15 years, so long as there is time to develop political agreements that restrict the use of such weapons in local conflicts. If such an agreement will not be reached, there is a high risk of more large-scale humanitarian disasters associated with the use of new weapons.



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