How to prevent mental deterioration - VIDEO PDF Print E-mail
Monday, 16 February 2015 13:18

It's about that when you stop moving ahead - you begin to move back and stay in place, unfortunately, impossible. Have you noticed that the older you get, the less willing takes up the work that is unusual for you, or is associated with a high concentration of attention and exploration of unfamiliar skills?

Let me tell you a little secret. Reading newspapers (authors), work on the familiar specialty, the use of the mother tongue and chat with your friends that you are well aware, a visit to a favorite restaUrant, watching a series ... - everything is so beloved by all of us, leads to the degradation of the brain.

Your brain - a lazy bastard (like you), and therefore tends to reduce the energy cost of an activity by creating a sort of "macros" - programs that you run from templates.

Biologist Richard Simon at the beginning of the last century called the program "engrams" - physical habit or memory traces left by repeated exposure to a stimulus. Engrams can be represented as paths that neurons "tread" in your brain by performing the same action. The longer we do it, the less energy it takes for our brains.

Sometimes these paths are transformed into the road, and then completely in highways, such as the Chinese in this collecting pack of cards faster than the robot:

On the one hand, it's a great superpowers - really, why spend extra energy to perform the same type of action? However, the flip side of this ability - reduced plasticity of our brains.

The fact that we use the longer engrams, the less work the basal ganglia in the brain. Their main function - to produce the neurotransmitter acetylcholine, which helps neurons "hack" new paths among the information noise of our brain (about it you have going on right now, after reading this sentence).

Think your way to work or school. If you go on the same route more than six months, then your actions become so automatic that you can simultaneously perform other tasks - reading, listening to music, respond to e-mail. In your favorite restaUrant you do not have to cough up acetylcholine and think about what you take for lunch, you already know by heart all the menu. For another fake smile you will immediately recognize the alarm, and you will not have to strain to decipher these communication signals.

It would seem, why all this change? And then, that our lives - a continuous source of changes beyond our control. For most of them, we have to adapt, and in this "race chameleons" survives the one who will change the color the rest of the color of the environment and be able to sneak closer to the insect (which during the crisis less and less).

You can cut (as it did with thoUSAnds recently doctors); tasks of your department may change and you need to learn new skills (and if you fail, you, again, cut); you fall in love and want to learn Chinese woman Dungan language, spoken by her family, and so on.

Therefore, the plasticity of the brain must constantly maintain and train. Imagine that your brain - it's concrete, which after some time will harden.

The image of the "hardened" brain will be clear, if you look at most of the 70-year old who can not master the timer on the microwave sensing hostility all new performing the same type of action over the years (or reproducing patterns of thinking). These "paths" in their heads turned in burrows and tunnels in the rocks, and a "breakthrough" in the next cave passage is virtually impossible.

Your task - to constantly stir this "mental mix" and not allow it to harden. As soon as we relax and begin to use engrams, some part of our brain is solidified, and we do not even notice it.

What to do in order to stop the degradation of the brain:

1. Watch out for themselves.
If you ever feel uncomfortable because something is wrong (for example, your favorite website design changed or disappeared in the store favorite yogurt), clutching a feeling by the tail and start his "unwind". Why not try all yogurts or not at all to start making your own?

2. Do not re-read the book already read.
Not to revise already watched movies. Yes, it's a very pleasant feeling psychologically - to plunge into the cozy little world, in the life of familiar characters, no surprises, you already know the end and you can enjoy the little things, which for the first time noticed by swallowing a book for an hour (or viewing season over the weekend). But at the same time you take in new books and films the chance to reveal to you something completely new, depriving your brain of alternative education of neural connections.

3. Look for new routes.
Try to look for new routes to familiar way home and back to find alternative shops, cinemas and other infrastructure point on the map of your life. It may take extra time, but can bring a nice bonus - for example, lower prices in the shops or fewer people in the theater.

4. Look for new music.
If you are a music lover in your iPod tens of thoUSAnds of songs, and you feel that your taste is very rich and diverse, then hasten to disappoint you - often we listen 50-100 familiar tracks, nice to us all for the same reasons - we adapt to them and our brains do not need to spend additional resources for processing and interpretation.

In a world of hundreds of thoUSAnds of Internet radio stations, and even if every day to switch to a new, still our life is not enough to re-listen to them all.

5. Look for new friends and acquaintances.
Yes, it is, of course, great to have friends who are pleasant to gather every Friday and discuss football or a new dress Beyonce. Psychologically comfortable.

But most of us live in metropolitan areas, why limit your range of 4-5 people, with most of us is not selected, and "impose" circumstances - school, college, work?

Social tools built into us, very strong influence on our way of thinking, and sometimes it happens that we are under the influence of certain friends, change point of view, a set of interests, and sometimes even their occupation.

6. start children.
Children are a permanent source of chaos and uncertainty in your life. They - the living "mixers" in your head, destroying all the templates and reshapes your established routes in new ways.

I have three sons of all ages who every day bring something new to your questions, behavior, inquiring mind and continuous experiments with everything around. You will not notice how your thinking liberated, and you start to think differently.

If you have kids you still can not, then you can start with the dog. It firstly requires walking (and fresh air is good to the brain). Secondly, draws you into an involuntary contact with other dog lovers. And third, too, can become a source of chaos (mine, for example, when running for the flies, does not pay much attention to the obstacles on its way).

7. Stop criticizing.
"What a terrible design!", "How disgusting they did denouement!", "How uncomfortable to sit in these new chairs!" - These and millions of other posts to Facebook, from the lips of your colleagues and your own are indicative of resistance to change, suddenly come in life. Changes which, most often, you can not change. Or you can, but it has put a lot of effort, which it is not worth it. Agree, because there are more important things to do than to require the restaUrant to write a book of complaints and cavil at hamovatogo waiter?

Much more useful for your own development will take these changes and to motivate the brain continue to live in the new reality.

Your conversation should look something like this: "The new menu? Okay, some old dishes have become boring, "" New repair roads need to look for a detour? Excellent, then a month later there will be no such potholes, and while there is a repair, I know about the area something new! "," The new operating system? Gr8! I now have a new entertaining adventure - get the control panel! "

8. Stop hanging on people "shortcuts."
It is very convenient - instead of man to understand, reflect on why he did so - to succumb to weakness and a "brand" it by connecting to one or another psycho. Unfaithful to her husband? Whore! Drinks with friends? Alcoholic! See "Rain"? Belolentochnik!

Each of us is under the influence, perhaps even more pressure life circumstances than the same Rodion Raskolnikov, but many find his thoughts, described by Dostoevsky, interesting, and a neighbor, a divorcee with two children - something vulgar and unworthy of attention.

9. Experiment with flavors.
Despite the fact that evolution is replaced by the wayside, our olfactory receptors, the smells still have a huge impact on us. And if you have a favorite perfume, you have not changed much over the years, it's time to change it. And do it with a certain periodicity.

10. Learn foreign languages.
And it does not necessarily fall in love with the Chinese, you can find another motivation, related, for example, with professional interests or hobbies. Foreign words and related semantic fields are often different from your mother tongue, and their study is perhaps the most effective tool for training the brain plasticity (especially if you deviate further from the tourist vocabulary and delve into the cultural characteristics).

You should not just forget that our brain is designed much more complex than many people think. Engrams associated with listening to the same music, affect the way we communicate with friends. Unexpected sensation of the smell of food in the new restaUrant can awaken in you a desire to overestimate the words and deeds of a loved one (to understand and forgive). A walk after work on an unfamiliar street push on the idea of how to find a suitable solution to the problem that has arisen at work. Therefore, the above Life hacking is best combined.

And maybe one day, years of commercials at 30, when your grandson will bring you their new gadget, representing a cloud of nano-robots, you do not say, "Oh my God, remove from me this buzzing crap!" And plunge into his hand, saying, "Wow!" and immediately ask, "How does it work and where you can buy this?".



Related news items:
Newer news items:
Older news items:


Add comment