Automation will deprive millions of people of jobs - VIDEO PDF Print E-mail
Thursday, 29 January 2015 14:15

Innovations in technology have contributed to the rapid growth of technology and a significant reduction in their prices, making them more accessible.

Obviously, this is very positive process contributes to a more rapid growth of the world economy and the creation of new jobs. Recently, however, more and more experts are worried that programs and robots will simply drive people from a number of areas, that is, will contribute to an increase in unemployment.

Recently shared this opinion founder Florida Sunshine Investments billionaire Jeff Greene in an interview with Bloomberg. Prior to that, the American economist, Professor of Economics at New York University's Nouriel Roubini in his blog raised the issue that the "third technological revolution" may cause a sharp decline in the demand for labor.

As fears about the impact of technology on the labor market is nothing new. At the beginning of the XIX century a group of English textile workers known as Luddites, was concerned that new technologies, such as loom and spinning machine will cost them their jobs. They protested, breaking machine.

Today worry that new technologies can destroy millions of jobs, as high as ever. In the midst of a major employment crisis technologies continue to reduce the need for labor for mass production, while the automation of routine legal and accounting tasks blurs and this sector of the labor market.

Science of robotics has revolutionized production; each year are beginning to work an additional 200 thoUSAnd. new industrial robots. In 2015, according to expectations, the total number to 1.5 million. According to the head of the International Labour Organization Guy Ryder, the adaptation of the labor market to the world more and more automated jobs will be one of the defining issues of our time. In his article on Project Syndicate, he notes that to date, no country can afford to ignore such a transformation.

"Worldwide, about 200 million people are unemployed, and 27 million of them are established since 2008. There is an urgent need to anticipate upcoming technological changes and provide global workforce education and skills necessary to participate in today's job market.

Throughout the world, one-third of surveyed employers complain that they can not find workers with the necessary skills for existing vacancies. Necessary to build effective ways of training and educational programs to the real world of work, to skills were comparable with market demand. Need to strengthen government programs, and trade unions should take greater responsibility for investment in skills. They should also consult more closely with teachers and policy-makers: to debate, which should be based on labor market information, review the effectiveness and availability of services in the field of employment.

Regardless of the level of development of the country's investment in education and skills increase the ability of the workforce to take innovation and adapt to new technologies. Such investments may determine whether a country's economic growth inclusive in the broadest sense, or he leaves behind large segments of the population. The abundance of workers who have been properly trained and can continue to learn, improves investor confidence and hence leads to an increase in the number of jobs.

In addition to the training of workers within the epoch further automation sustainable economy must offer protection for workers both in good times and in bad. Nature of the relationship with the employee of his or her employer to change. People who came to the labor market, are increasingly being only short-term or temporary contracts; they are often forced to take informal jobs or emigrate in search of her. These trends exacerbate income inequality. As a result, policies are needed to mitigate. Along with a reliable system of unemployment benefits for the general safety of workers and ensure a healthy economy is extremely important social protection, including health care and pensions. Yet only 20% of the world's population have adequate social security coverage; more than half have no cover at all.

That is why the work of the International Labour Organization, which was established in 1919, is still relevant today. In a world of increasingly automated jobs and the erosion of employee-employer relations values enshrined in the ILO labor standards are needed more than ever.

Complex problems faced by workers around the world require complex solutions. In 2013, the ILO has taken the initiative "The Future of Work", which aims to identify and analyze emerging trends and to provide a forum to discuss what should be done to adapt to rapidly changing conditions in the labor market.

During the last century, our world has undergone significant changes - and not only because of technology. By 2050, the world population will exceed nine billion. The number of people aged over 60 years will triple. Three quarters of older people will be living in countries that are currently developing, and most of them will be women. These demographic changes will further revolutionize the labor market, social security, economic development and the world of employment.

Despite all the progress of human society since the days of the Luddites, saved one simple truth: the machine should strengthen, not weaken, our prospects for inclusive growth and broadly shared prosperity. We have to make sure that the modern economy is stable, based on the principles of human dignity and decent work opportunities. "
Schiller: everyone is afraid of the consequences of technological development

According to Robert Shiller, a Nobel laureate in economics, including the global financial elite is growing fear about how the development of technology in the future can change the world economy.

In an interview with CNBC Schiller noted that fear and anxiety about the future is one of the key reasons why the interest rates on the bonds of developed countries close to record lows and in some cases have a negative return.

"In my opinion, it is due to the fear that persists for a long period of time, many investors continue to buy bonds. They are concerned that they will in the future. They are worried not only because of what will happen next year, but in the next 20, the next 40 years. And they continue to buy bonds, even agreeing to a negative rate of return.

One of the causes of fear - the rapid development of technology, information technology, artificial intelligence, robotics, 3D-printing, internet and so on. All this happens very quickly and at a fundamental level is changing our way of life. People are wondering what will happen to me after 30 years? See how quickly things change. "

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