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Found deep deposits of water with hydrogen-rich - VIDEO PDF Print E-mail
Sunday, 11 January 2015 13:14

Canadian scientists have discovered deep-water deposits, rich in hydrogen. This radically changes the assessment of the volume of microbial life on Earth and Mars. A team of scientists led by Barbara Sherwood Lollar (Barbara Sherwood Lollar) from the University of Toronto found in South African mine at a depth of several kilometers of water saturated with hydrogen.

Similar patterns were also found in the cracks of the earth's crust at a depth of Precambrian period in Canada and Scandinavia. A total of 19 sites were investigated. The chemical composition of the samples similar to those that have been found in deep regions where with hydrogen rich water supports the livelihoods of microbes living in complete isolation from the surface.


"This discovery radically changes our understanding of potentially habitable volume of the crust - said Barbara Sherwood Lollar. - Until now, there were no studies that include an assessment of the impact of hydrogen from the ancients on the microbial population. Together with the rocks of the Precambrian period, a white spot in research amounted to 70% of the earth's crust. We found that all this can be a source of energy for life. "

We explain that the Precambrian period covers the time from 540 million years before the formation of the Earth. Thus, in the Precambrian accounts for about 3.8 billion years, ie 90% of Earth's geological history. The fact that a large number of rocks of the Precambrian period can be inhabited (to support microbial life), has important implications for the search for microbial life on Earth and other planets.

The amount of hydrogen in the world is the key to the assessment of the amount of biomass located in the bowels of the earth. The fact that many of the underlying activities based on ecosystem chemolithotrophic microorganisms. Such bacteria are used for the synthesis of ATP electrons from minerals rather than from organic substances. Many hemolitotrofov to maintain the chemical reactions necessary hydrogen.

In the deep gold mines of South Africa, at great depths in the oceans and near hydrothermal vents hydrogen-rich fluid bring the colonies of bacteria essential minerals and microbes provide energy.

A new study allowed for a global map of places with water saturated with hydrogen. In the coming years, researchers will study these regions. First of all, the researchers hope to find there unique microorganisms that have unusual abilities and can be useful in various fields, such as for water purification from heavy metals and various toxins.

In addition, Mars also has a breed similar Precambrian Earth. They can contain as much hydrogen and sustain life hemolitotrofov.


НАЖМИТЕ ЗДЕСЬ ДЛЯ ПРОСМОТРА ВСЕГО СПИСКА НОВОСТЕЙ О НЕОБЫЧНЫХ ЯВЛЕНИЯХ>>>

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