TOP 6 amazing inventions of ancient secret that has been lost for thousands of years - VIDEO PDF Print E-mail
Wednesday, 07 January 2015 13:29

The Universe is full of mysteries that defy science. In this article, we describe the different phenomena that often go beyond the understanding of modern science.
Unfortunately, the secrets of many useful inventions made thoUSAnds of years ago and is widely used in the early periods of human development, is now lost and is still confusing engineers and inventors state of technology. Modern analogues of some of these inventions have appeared recently.

1. Greek fire: a mysterious chemical weapons

Image of illuminated (decorated with colorful ornaments and miniatures) Madrid manuscript of John Skylitzes, which depicts the Greek fire used against the Navy Thomas the Slav (the leader of one of the largest folk feudal revolts in Byzantium). The inscription above the left ship says: "The Romans set fire to the enemy fleet"

In VII-XIIvekah Byzantines used a mysterious substance in sea battles to ignite their enemies. This fluid is always focused on the enemy using pipes or siphons, burned even in water. Fire could only repay vinegar, sand or urine. This chemical weapons were known as Greek fire. We still do not know what it was for the substance. The Byzantines kept the recipe a closely guarded secret, known only to a few of his devoted, and eventually he was lost.

2. Flexible glass is too expensive stuff

In the three extant ancient sources contain references to the flexible glass. However, they are not sufficiently detailed to assert unequivocally that the substance did actually exist. The story of his invention was first told Petronius (d. 63 AD).

He wrote about the glassblower who presented the Emperor Tiberius (who ruled from 14-37 AD) glass jar. Glassblower emperor asked him to return the vessel, and when he got it, threw it on the floor. The vessel is not broken, but only deformed and glassblower quickly regained his original form. Fearing reduce the cost of precious metals, Tiberius ordered to behead the inventor to his secret died with him.

One version of the story contained in the writings of Pliny the Elder (d. 79 AD), and the other was told by a couple of hundred years later, Dion Cassius: the main character in her favor not glassblower, and magician. When the vessel was thrown to the floor, he crashed and master returned it to its original state with their bare hands.

In 2012, Corning Glass Company introduced a flexible "willow glass" - heat resistant and flexible material so that it can be twisted into rolls. This invention is widely used for the production of solar cells.

If unhappy Roman glass blower really invented the flexible glass, he is thoUSAnds of years ahead of his time.

3. The antidote to all poisons

Development of the so-called "universal antidote" was attributed to the king Mithridates VI Pontius (reigned 120-63 BC). And his improvement - personal physician of Emperor Nero. The original formula of poison has been lost, but to keep the information on the ingredients. Among them were opium, cut a viper, and the combination of low doses of poisons and their antidotes. Tells about Adrian Meyor, folklorist and historian of science at Stanford University in its work in 2008 under the title "Greek fire, poison arrows and bombs skorpionovye: chemical and biological weapons in the ancient world."

This substance was known as mitridatium, in honor of King Mithridates VI.

Meyor also says Sergei Popov, a former Soviet biological weapons, a leading developer, who fled to the United States in 1992, tried to make a modern mitridatium.

4. Thermal beam weapon

Greek mathematician Archimedes (d. 212 BC) developed a weapon beam weapons, which tried to recreate in 2004 the authors of the program "MythBusters" channel Discovery. Adrian Meyor described the weapon as "a series of polished bronze panels that reflect Sunlight onto enemy ships."

"MythBusters" failed to reproduce this ancient weapon, and they recognized it is a myth, but the students at the Massachusetts Institute of Technology in 2005 could burn a boat in the harbor of San Francisco with this weapon invented 2,200 years ago.

Meyor also described the modern thermal microwave beam weapon, acting on the "victim's skin, heating it to 55 ° C, and creating a sense that it is on fire," which was presented in 2001, the Defense Advanced Research Agency DARPA.

5. Roman concrete

Numerous Roman buildings, stood for a thoUSAnd years, are direct evidence of a higher quality of Roman concrete in comparison with the modern buildings of which begins to decay and break down after only 50 years after construction.

The secret of longevity of this ancient concrete has been opened recently. The secret ingredient turned out to volcanic ash.

In an article published in 2013 news center for the University of California at Berkeley, says that researchers first described the mechanism by which ultra-stable compound calcium-aluminum-silicate-hydrate binder. During its production emits less carbon dioxide than any current production with concrete. Its disadvantages include the longer drying time and less strength than modern concrete, despite the great durability.

6. Damascus steel

In the Middle Ages in the Middle East from Damascus steel swords were forged. The starting material was damask, alloy Asian origin. Damascus steel - a very durable metal. Prior to the beginning of the Industrial Revolution, he remained the strongest metal known to man.

The secret of making the Middle East Damascus steel was restored only in modern laboratories using scanning electron microscopy. Man mastered this technology around 300 BC and lost it in the middle of the XVIII century.



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