Mystical mystery of Russian radio station UVB-76 - VIDEO PDF Print E-mail
Saturday, 03 January 2015 15:55

Mysterious radio for over 30 years at a frequency of 4625 kHz clock transmits the audio signal with a frequency of repeat about 20 times per minute. Since the discovery of radio amateurs, this signal is constantly buzzing broadcasts. But every few years the buzzing stops and a voice in Russian reads a mixture of numbers and names of Russian ...

UVB-76 - the call short-wave radio operating at a frequency of 4625 kHz and located in the air presumably from the end of 70s. The earliest available record broadcast dates from 1982 year.

At least a decade until 1992 the station to broadcast almost exclusively beeps, then switched to the whirring beeps lasting about 1 second, usually transmitted at a pace of 21 to 34 per minute. They are similar to the sound of the ship's siren, there was a clicking sound filled the air.

The first thing that comes to mind - is that translation is a kind of message that was once written and has since played every time. However, students UVB-76 rather quickly determined that each new message is a copy of the previous one. Buzz created manually each time.
They say that the signal came from the military camp of the settlement Povarovo (56 ° 4'58 "p. M., 37 ° 5'22" in. D.), Which is located about halfway between Zelenograd and Solnechnogorsk, 40 km to the north-west of Moscow, near the village of Spoon. Location and callsign were unknown until the first voice transmission in 1997.

Very rarely monotonous sound interrupted the man's voice, pronounced short sentences of numbers and words that were often a succession of Russian names: Anna, Nicholas, Ivan, Tatiana, Roman. And all the rest of the show was filled with a uniform, maddening series of unexplained tones.

For example, a message broadcast in late December, 1997:

"I UVB-76, I-76 UVB. 180 08 74 27 99 Broman 14. Boris, Roman, Olga, Michael, Anna, Larissa. 7 4 2 7 9 9 1 4 "

The amplitude and pitch shifted at times, and the intervals between the signals began to change. Every hour, the minute, the station twice and very fast to broadcast a buzzing sound. No turmoil that swept Russia in the last decade of the Cold War, could not distract UVB-76 is called the station from its incomprehensible and hard targets.

Mikhail Gorbachev, perestroika, the end of the Afghan war, the collapse of the Soviet Union, free prices, Boris Yeltsin, the shelling of the parliament, the first Chechen war, the oligarchs, the financial crisis, the second Chechen war, strengthening Putinism - it went past her.

Words to produce radiographs and code tables are selected mainly from the scientific terms of chemistry (Broman), geology (ganomatit), philology (Ezāfe), geography (Bong), Zoology (kariama), history (the Scythians), cooking (drying), sport (krolist) et al., as well as rare Russian words (glashatel).

At the time of the transfer station to engage the attention of a small army of radio amateurs who are tuning in to its frequency and recorded almost every transmitted signal. Although the "Buzzer", or "Hummer", as called radio amateurs has always been an unknown quantity, it nevertheless seemed reassuring constant sounding monotone punctually, like a metronome.

But the June 5, 2010 the buzzing stopped. No ads, no explanation. One silent.

The next day, the transmission resumed as if nothing had happened. Throughout June and July OHS-76 behaved more or less than usual. There were some brief deviations, including something similar to Morse code, but nothing out of the ordinary. And in mid-August, the buzzing stopped again. Then he began again, again stopped, then resumed.

18:00 MSK: sounds reminiscent of Morse code.
18:03 MSK: sound like a phone ringing, a man's voice, "says seven hundred and first [inaudible]. The numbers :(?) 47 636 00 45 trehletok 29 47 15 55 78 FRASER 92. 18:03 Moscow time. I repeat: 47 636 00 45 29 three years old 47 15 55 78 FRASER 92. Cleared to push the reset button (?) "
18:10 MSK: the sounds of modems, a woman's voice: "One or two [blowing into the microphone?] One-two. MDZHB, MDZHB 47,636 three years old 00 45 29 47 15 55 78 FRASER 92"

And then, on August 25 at 10:00 am 13 minutes of UVB-76 as if gone mad. First there was silence, then a series of clicks and shuffling sounds as if someone is in the room. Previously, all these buzz buzzers, codes and numbers sounded like a hint of the presence on the airwaves of some evil force. Now, however, the impression that the magic is ready to expose themselves. First week of September transfer often interrupted something very much like fragments Dance of the Little Swans from Tchaikovsky's ballet "Swan Lake".

But the evening of September 7 there was something more dramatic - one listener even called the incident "existential". At 8 o'clock and 48 minutes pm Moscow man's voice said new call MDZHB consisting of the names of Michael, Dmitry, Zhenya, Boris. This indicated that the station has a new name. And then went to a typical UVB-76 (or MDZHB) incomprehensible transmission: "04979 D-P-E-D-N-O-U-T", after the long string of digits, then "T-P-E-H -E-R-S-K-I-J ", and again the numbers.

Until a few years ago so amazing event in the short-wave station would have noticed a tiny group of hams. But after last June when the first mysterious malfunction signals UVB-76 began to write and publish online ( Techniques involved in this Estonian entrepreneur Aaslayd Andrus (Andrus Aaslaid), which is interested in shortwave radio with the first class.

"Short waves were an early form of the Internet - says Aaslayd who uses the nickname Laid. - You turn the handle and you never know what you will hear. "Per night during the August attack of madness "hummers" record Aaslayda listened to more 41,000 people. A few months later to his site already came dozens and then hundreds of thoUSAnds of visitors from the United States, Russia, Britain, the Czech Republic, Brazil, Japan, Croatia and elsewhere. Opening the UVB-76 for Internet audience Aaslayd managed to take on short wave radio (one of the most fascinating hobby, what you can imagine) and rejuvenate it by typing in the 21st century.

Today, among the fans of UVB-76 has Kremlinologists, anarchists, hackers, master art installations, people who believe in extraterrestrial civilizations. Have in their ranks former minister of communications of Lithuania, as well as someone from Virginia, who adopted the nickname Room641A by name an alleged interception center US National Security Agency, created by San Francisco-based office of AT & T.

Graphical view of the recording radiograms (30.01.2003, at 8:04): 1 - a marker signal; 2 - pause (visible click unmute); 3 - radiogram; 4 - pause; 5 - Repeat radiographs; 6 - Pause (visible click Mute); 7 - marker signal. The average duration of the procedure - about 2 minutes.

All these people are just fascinated by this puzzling signal that again today mostly buzzing. They think and wonder about its purpose and the importance of trying to figure out what is behind this repetitive code combination. Nobody knows for sure, and this is the most exciting in the history of UVB-76.

As you might guess, "buzzer - Hummer" has a mysterious history. About 30 years ago, says she Soviets built a station near the village Povarovo (accent on the second syllable), located a 40-minute drive from Moscow in a northwesterly direction. Then was still alive, Leonid Brezhnev, the Kremlin led intercontinental empire and the Soviet troops fought with the Mujahideen. When in 1991 the Soviet Union collapsed, it turned out that Povarovo commander of the military, and that everything that happens there is top secret.

Proponents of the HF band have developed various hypotheses about the role of radio in the vast network of military communications in Russia. This communication node forgot - read one theory, created for some important purpose, but lost in the bureaucratic jungle. This is particularly the secret center - the advocates of a different theory from which transferred encryption Russian intelligence officers working in other countries.

The most ominous was the third theory: UVB-76 is an audio version of the so-called "Dead Man's Switch". In the case of a nuclear attack that will leave the army command without the possibility of management, the system should automatically start the counter-punch. While the existence of such a system is not in question, it would be naive to believe that the "buzzer" - the sound of an imminent nuclear apocalypse.

Before Aaslayd posted their records online, and up to 2010 events devoted trackers UVB-76 has a membership of not more than one thoUSAnd people. Someone listened to station in his spare time to the 1980s, hiding in attics, garages, basements and things cluttered offices. Many day worked in large organizations - insUrance companies, telecommunications corporations in the military, in the universities. They lived in countries such as West Germany, Britain, the Netherlands, the United States. Someone does not want to disclose his whereabouts fellow ether, someone used pseudonyms or nicknames.

Prior to the collapse of communism, many of them truly believed that they were in danger of believing that they can track down (some technical ways) are the same mysterious forces that governed their favorite stations - KGB agents, radio engineers from the CIA, MI6 and Mossad . Often students ether thought they dug up something completely secret, and that foreign spy agencies have brought to them the whole index cards on which were written the names. They liked what they listen to the unknown. Their mesmerizing and fascinating endless uncertainty of these persistent, senseless, secret and evil signals.

"It tickled the nerves," - says 57-year-old financial adviser Erie Bender (Ary Boender), who lives in Holland, close to Rotterdam. He first tune in UVB-76 in January 1983. According to him, it was an accident. He was looking for another station, groping along the range, and suddenly heard the crackling and subtle signal: beep-beep.

Many fans tell exactly the same story about how they found the station. They were looking for something else - the frequency of weather channel, a report on the situation of the sea negotiations military pilots - and suddenly made its way through the thick air UVB-76, and they "were taken prisoner." They could not stop, and all listened and listened to these ghostly haunting and pulsating signals that fall to them in the receivers through the cold and snowy darkness. The main question that all they wanted to find the answer was: what the hell is that? "The whole interest was to find out who they are, where are the transmission and for what purpose," - says Bender.

Before the advent of the Internet fans Shortwave learned about each other mainly of specialized publications, whether photocopied copies of newsletters Monitoring Times or small-circulation magazines like Popular Communications. (On the cover of this magazine for October 1985 was written: "We overhear aviation negotiations!") When a UVB-76 is something going on - increased duration of the signal, for example, from 1.9 to 2.2 seconds, changed his tone, or when cases are rare pause in the programs - the fans began to write and talk about what it could mean.

They pinpointing frequency tones were looking for inconsistencies, figures and voices allegedly hiding under the veil of sound. They looked for other subscribers, other members of the association of short-wave radio, to share with them their guesses.

Even today, when you listen to UVB-76, it seems that you were in a world that does not exist for several decades. Particularly strong impression late at night when you're sitting in a dark basement with headphones on his head, surrounded by noise, whistling and obscure passages of votes seeps through the thick air. "It's a little trip into fantasy - says Room641A, - that occur when you are sitting in front of the receiver and suddenly at three o'clock come across Radio Havana."

Most observers believe that UVB-76 is a unique example of the so-called Numbers station used to transmit encrypted messages to spies and other agents. Typically, these stations broadcast a group of five digits in the group, which is why it is impossible to make out sections between words and sentences. The numbers can be decrypted using the key located in the listener, which they are intended.

It is believed that there is a radio station license from the First World War, as evidenced by the project Conet - set records Numbers station, first released in 1997. (Directed by Cameron Crowe (Cameron Crowe), is a fan of this project used the recording of it in his 2001 film "Vanilla Sky".) It is believed that from time to time radio license the drug traffickers, as well as the North Koreans, Americans, Cubans and the British . Fans of short waves even suspect that for the most famous and revered Numbers station on the planet "Lincolnshire Poacher" should the British MI6.

Online Enigma organization in 2000 (the name stands for European Numbers information Gathering and Monitoring Association - European Association of tracking and collecting information about the number stations) collects data on the license radio stations from around the world. Jochen Schaefer (Jochen Schafer), led by its German branch, says of UVB-76: "This is not the typical number stations, but it is numbering."

According to him, usually numbered stations begin communication session with the call sign, and then transferred to a specially prepared introduction. Station "Lincolnshire Poacher", for example, is so called because before each number series, in its air sounded two bars of the popular songs. "This station is different because of its structure, - says Schaefer. - Most of the time it transmits only one buzzing sound ... And messages are sent regularly. "

However, such an unusual format caused some listeners UVB-76 suggest that this is not the number stations. A senior European leaders, who studied for a long time, as the Soviet Union drowned Western radio stations, and is known for his fellow fans UVB-76 as JM, argues that the station is designed to transmit encrypted orders to military units on the territory of Russia, not spies working abroad.

JM said that to piece together information about the station - its frequency 4625 kHz, its main transmitter power of 20 kilowatts, a spare transmitter for 5 kW, as well as a horizontal dipole antenna - says that she has a conventional military purpose.

21-year-old process engineer Bryan Tabares (Bryan Tabares) of Jacksonville, Florida, agree with JM, and even brings even more innocuous theory to explain failures in 2010. He believes that it was just a "pink noise" picked engineers phonics to adjust the sound equipment. And nothing more. "Everything that has happened indicates that modernized equipment or its adjustment", - says Tabares.

Financial consultant from Holland Bender is confident that the station UVB-76 belongs to the military. Its conclusions based on the analysis it known Russian military stations. This way of tracking it seems very attractive both to him and to other fans of short waves. Bender offers another example:

"In the early 90's, we found a Russian network, but it took us two years trying to figure out who they are. It turned out that a network of Soviet embassies, consulates, ministries and, most likely, the KGB and the GRU (the largest in the Russian Foreign Intelligence Service). She listened to a lot of people from around the world, we exchanged notes, analyzed them and finally found out who they were. ""That's why it is so interesting and exciting," - he adds.

New intrigue on the UVB-76 is where this station. Shortly after the failure in August and September 2010, when the station then pauses, then starts again, then whispered, then cracked, short wave listeners informed about the new amazing change: it seems, the station changed its registration.

Former European official JM found its new location. He says that the station is deployed somewhere near Pskov, near the border of Russia and Estonia. But no one can accurately zapelengovat where are the transmission.

Based on the latest research now broadcast signal from several places in Russia. The most likely candidate is the Pskov region. The small village Kirsino has an official population of 39 people. Multiple attempts to detect a drive signal is here.

Erie Bender speculate that such movement is associated with the reorganization of the Russian army, which happened in September. Then Moscow and Leningrad military districts were combined into a single command, with its headquarters in St. Petersburg. In this way he explains why UVB-76 moved several hundred kilometers northwest.

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