Predictions of science fiction that came true - VIDEO PDF Print E-mail
Thursday, 26 June 2014 05:00

Soothsayers and prophets lived at all times. Even in ancient Greece was glorious tradition to go to the temple of Apollo at Delphi, to get a couple of vague stories about the future. In our history, Nostradamus was confused. Then - Vanga. And today, the pillars are filled with advertisements from "psychics". Which, mind you, believe, although I have not seen any reports of a psychic winning the lottery.

But fiction is always considered something of a second-class literature. Fiction for immature minds. And for some reason, people began to forget what science fiction writers naprorochili the world that surrounds us now. Moreover, except for scientific inventions that we use in full, and they predicted the problems that humanity had to face. And the decisions that need to be taken. "Today" has gathered the most famous science fiction soothsayers, analyzed that came true from their incredible stories, and revered, even according to their prophecies, may soon happen ...

HG Wells: antigravity time machine

Victorian genius HG Wells - a mystery to many researchers. This science-fiction writer predicted almost all the events happening in the world. At least to the 1950s. First novels he wrote in Britain when the house lit by candles and lamps, and the most advanced technology were bike with chain drive and inflatable tires and a movie camera. Nevertheless, Wells has invented almost everything that we see around us, including heating pipes and toll roads.


Genius. We are waiting for time travel, invisibility and technocracy.

WHAT true?

Oddly enough, almost all the predictions come true by HG Wells. Besides the four superbestseller ("War of the Worlds," "The Invisible Man", "The Time Machine" and "The Island of Dr. Moreau"), Wells wrote other books and even short stories. For example, "The World Set Free," "The Shape of Things to Come" and "Visions". In that very accurately close to the reality that we have now. Thus, in the "foresight" Wells predicted distribution of cars, the development of roads and motorways toll. Invented central heating, electric kitchen appliances, air ventilation system, detergents and dishwashers. Substantiated spread phones, delivering goods at home and work at home. And that impresses the most, in the era of brick houses talked about in-situ concrete. Fulfilled, military and political predictions. Wells believed that the fight will be machines invented sniper rifle, tank and even the atomic bomb. Up to the year predicted that Germany would become the aggressor and begin to bomb Britain. Even before the creation of the USSR predicted that it will collapse (although in two parts, rather than the Soviet republics) and that Russia's domination over China will be short lived. But it is particularly striking view of science. In "War of the Worlds", he used the "heat ray", which was protolazerom. And the Martians died because of bacteria - in fact, the biological weapons. In "Island of Dr. Moreau" Wells allows the creation of animals, biologically similar to humans - and now breed sheep with organs suitable for transplantation man.

What lies ahead?

The Time Machine

In 1891, HG Wells brought his publisher essay "Fixed Universe" in which long before the theory of relativity and other scientific breakthroughs explained the concept of four-dimensional world. To calculate, he believed, needed four coordinates: length, width, height (space) and the length (time). Essays rejected because the publisher said that it understood at best 10% of the words. Then Wells wrote his first novel - "The Time Machine" - about a traveler who explored the future of the Earth. However, the technical side remains unknown, but in this book, Wells raised serious social issues. He believed that in the future people will be divided into two races - minded and intelligent eloev Morlocks, who built the machines and hunted eloev. It was a response to widening disparities in society. Modern physics says that a time machine, in general, possible. However, to get to the past is impossible, but the future ... the future is available. It is small - there are only, for example, accelerate the ship to speeds close to that of light to slow down in it for a time.


In 1901 he published the book "The First Men in the Moon." Wells was not the first who sent their heroes on the satellite. Jules Verne, for example, used for this giant cannon, other authors have tried to "fly" through the balloon. But here's the way Wells was truly new to the literature of the time. According to his idea, eccentric scientist Cavor invents "Cavorite" which can shield gravity and gets rid of the shackles of gravity. Nowadays, of course, anti-gravity - just fiction. But this is the principle transport, floating in the air, is used in the "maglev" - trains, flying on a magnetic cushion. It remains only to understand how to make maglev more powerful - or open the same principle to use gravity to their advantage. And forward to the Moon on the train!


In 1897 he published "The Invisible Man". Medical student Griffin finds a way to make light skirted his body, not being reflected from it. Thereby he invents invisibility. Wells was inspired by sea creatures - jellyfish, which are transparent and practically invisible in the water. Modern science is trying to emulate the fictional experiences - in any case, military equipment from radar shield. But to complete invisibility so far away - at UC Berkeley say they can make the rounds of the light object 100 times thinner than a human hair. The experiments continue.

Single world state and technocracy

In the "foresight" Wells says that sooner or later all state lands were united into a single planetary power and will rule scientists, engineers and educated class as a whole. While there is no prerequisite for this, the world is not going to abandon the national identity and democratic system, but who knows what will happen after a few tens or hundreds of years. In any case, futurologists portend general globalization needed to conquer the Universe.

Arthur C. Clarke: crazy computer and xenology

English writer and futurist Arthur C. Clarke created "Space Odyssey." And besides it - many science fiction novels, in which he wrote that people will kinder and better. Kinder and better people did not, but other predictions come true.


Singer space. "In orbit, more people will live than on Earth."

WHAT true?

Arthur C. Clarke believed that the main thing - it is space colonization and made every effort to make it possible. During World War II he sent a radar signal "Mark 1" to the Moon, that she recognized him and handed back to Earth. The experiment failed because of the distance, but Clark has dawned.



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