Emerald rush 2012 began in Colombia- VIDEO PDF Print E-mail
Saturday, 27 October 2012 10:31

Colombian radio station Caracol reported, that in the Colombian department of Boyaca gathered thoUSAnds of seekers of emeralds after the local road workers, which repaired the road, accidentally found a vein of emeralds. As reported, this deposit of emeralds was called "Devil's Nose" because of the inaccessibility of its location.

According to Caracol, road service workers, repairing the pavement, found some stones interspersed with a substance similar to a green bottle glass. After one of the road workers took the stones to a jeweler for examination in the near town, it became clear that this bottle glass- is most real emeralds. After that, the news about deposit of emeralds quickly scattered at first on the nearest settlement of Boyaca department, and later in other areas of Colombia, and caused a "emerald rush" - thoUSAnds of people have already arrived in the emerald area to search for emeralds.

However "Nose Devil" is located in a very dangerous place for the search, so the local police, fearing for the safety of searchers of emeralds, have cordoned off area of the mountain road, where they found the emeralds.

Colombian department of Boyaca is located off north-east of Bogota, in the central part of Colombia, in the mountains of the Eastern Cordillera, the population of the department is 1.5 million. The administrative center of the Department of Boyaca is the city of Tunja. Colombian department of Boyaca in Colombia known as the “Land of Liberty”, as in the 19th century here were a main battle for independence from Spain. In the department of Boyaca is located the Chikinkira city, which is considered as the main religious center in Colombia, as it is here is located the main shrine of Colombia - the icon of the Madonna Chikinkiri, in the department of Boyaca are located also 25 major snow peaks of northern part of the Eastern Cordillera.

The main occupation of the local population in the department of Boyaca, are: agriculture (mainly corn and wheat), mining of emeralds, iron ore, coal and petroleum, textiles and cement. Overall, Columbia long been a leader in the world in the production of high-quality emeralds, the country has more than 160 deposits, the main of which are known from the time of the Incas.

Colombian emeralds are highly valued by jewelers because they differ by a special bright green. It is Colombia's emerald deposits mined famous tropical emerald with six-pointed star and a rare emerald- cat's eye. Only a few countries in the world can compare with Colombia in terms of production and quality of the emeralds. Currently, Colombia accounts for about 90% of world production (second in Russia, the Urals, then - several African countries), but the role of emeralds in Colombia's economy has never been great, because all the deposits of Colombian emeralds are found in two departments of Colombia: Boyaca and Cundinamarca.

Almost all of the major deposits of emeralds in Colombia belong to private companies, the state is often involved as a shareholder in each company and oversees production of emeralds through the issuance of a production license for a period of one year. Currently, there are only a few dozen mining companies of emeralds, and 15 years ago, these companies were ten times more as earlier deposits of emeralds were right on the surface, and now enterprises are commercial development at greater depths. But some companies are selling to private individuals the opportunity to mine emeralds on the surface, if they use only a certain hand tools to find emeralds, and the individuals have to sell emeralds found only in this enterprise. The price of some of emeralds from Colombia can be up to U.S. $ 10 000 per carat, but for some exclusive and rare Colombian emeralds price sometimes reach up to U.S. $ 50 000 per carat.

The traditional way of production of emeralds from the local population, the Colombian department of Boyaca, so called free single- guahero associated with fights and violence, as most of them can only work under the control of the owners of the emerald fields and only once a day with local deposits dropped undiscovered gems in that can be emeralds. Guaheros work a 15 hours per a day, moving from one deposit to the other deposit of emeralds and often they can run for years, unable to find any good emeralds, and all found emeralds a guaheros sold to local traders, which trafficked emeralds in Bogota, where emeralds have come to international market.

On deposits of Boyaca department, many local residents are often to work only for food and conduct underground up to 12 hours a day without any safety measures in the work, they use only the most basic tools and a small amount of explosives, for which they receive permission from the local police after a week's training. Mined emeralds in most cases processed in Colombia, in Bogota or Medellin, and the state is very strict control of exports: a stone that has some valuable features, properly registered and to export its way always traced. In Colombia, work Emerald Mercantile Exchange, the Colombian Institute for Assessment of emeralds and school training for the treatment of emeralds, THE VIDEO:




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Last Updated on Saturday, 27 October 2012 10:34

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