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Из углекислого газа можно получить экологически чистое топливо - ВИДЕО PDF Print E-mail
Tuesday, 12 January 2016 08:34

The new technology allows you to convert greenhouse gases that cause warming of the planet, environmentally friendly fuel. A team of specialists in materials science, headed by Gao Shan scientist at the National Laboratory of Natural Sciences of China gained a new material that converts carbon dioxide into clean-burning cleaner fuel called formate. They used a process of electrolytic reduction with little power consumption. The new material is a multilayer thick alloy four atoms of cobalt metal and cobalt oxide molecules. The results of the study are presented in the journal Nature. "This is a real breakthrough basic science - says chemical engineer at Caltech Kartish Mantiram, which also deals with the study of electroreduction of carbon dioxide. - Of course it takes a long time to create a device suitable for the successful commercial use. But even at this stage of development on all indicators, this technology looks very promising. " For decades, says Mantiram, scientists have been working to develop a variety of materials capable of using electricity to catalyze carbon dioxide into fuels. But these developments have faced the same problems that do not let technology get out of the walls of the laboratory. "One of the obstacles was that we call" overstretch "- how much more energy you need to spend in order to start the process - he said. - Usually, all seek to reduce as far as possible, these energy costs. But when the reduced voltage, it turned out that the reaction conversion of CO2 in formate significantly slowed down. " In contrast, the scientist said, the new material with low overpotential for high performance and stability of the production process formate. "This is a very difficult task to find a material that meets all these three restrictions," - he says. At the molecular level, the new material works as follows: when an electric pulse, it begins to interact with passing therethrough CO2 molecules. Hydrogen atom (which has one proton and one electron) is attached to a carbon atom in a molecule of CO2. When this occurs, the excess electron falls into one of the oxygen atoms in a molecule of carbon dioxide. Because of this - CHOO becomes CO2 or formate. Now, scientists need to develop new ways to use the material for commercial purposes, that will reuse the carbon dioxide collected from existing power plants, which are often dumped it in an empty underground wells VIDEO:


НАЖМИТЕ ЗДЕСЬ ДЛЯ ПРОСМОТРА ВСЕГО СПИСКА НОВОСТЕЙ О НЕОБЫЧНЫХ ЯВЛЕНИЯХ>>>

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