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02/26/2011 General information about Hong Kong

Country name: conventional long form: Hong Kong Special Administrative Region

conventional short form: Hong Kong

local long form: Xianggang Tebie Xingzhengqu

local short form: Xianggang abbreviation: HK

Location of Hong Kong : Eastern Asia, bordering the South China Sea and China

Geographic coordinates: 22 15 N, 114 10 E

Area: total: 1,104 sq km country comparison to the world: 183 land: 1,054 sq km water: 50 sq km 

Land boundaries: total: 30 km regional border: China 30 km Coastline: 733 km

Climate: subtropical monsoon; cool and humid in winter, hot and rainy from spring through summer, warm and Sunny in fall

Elevation extremes: lowest point: South China Sea 0 m highest point: Tai Mo Shan 958 m

Natural resources: outstanding deepwater harbor, feldspar

Land use: arable land: 5.05% permanent crops: 1.01% other: 93.94% (2001)

Irrigated land: 20 sq km (1998 est.)

Natural hazards: occasional typhoons

Environment - current issues: air and water pollution from rapid urbanization

Geography - note: more than 200 islands

Population: 7,089,705 (July 2010 est.) country comparison to the world: 99

 Dependency status: special administrative region of China Government

type: limited democracy

Administrative divisions: none (special administrative region of China)

Independence: none (special administrative region of China)

National holiday: National Day (Anniversary of the Founding of the People's Republic of China), 1 October (1949); note - 1 July 1997 is celebrated as Hong Kong Special Administrative Region Establishment Day

Constitution: Basic Law, approved in March 1990 by China's National People's Congress, is Hong Kong's charter

Legal system: based on English common law

Age structure: 0-14 years: 12.2% (male 450,833/female 411,997) 15-64 years: 74.6% (male 2,551,256/female 2,713,532) 65 years and over: 13.1% (male 434,090/female 493,363) (2010 est.)

Median age: total: 42.8 years male: 42.4 years female: 43.2 years (2010 est.)

Population growth rate: 0.476% (2010 est.) country comparison to the world: 155

Birth rate: 7.45 births/1,000 population (2010 est.) country comparison to the world: 221

Death rate: 6.91 deaths/1,000 population (July 2010 est.) country comparison to the world: 136

Net migration rate: 4.22 migrant(s)/1,000 population (2010 est.) country comparison to the world: 24

Urbanization: urban population: 100% of total population (2010) rate of urbanization: 0.9% annual rate of change (2010-15 est.)

Sex ratio: at birth: 1.076 male(s)/female under 15 years: 1.09 male(s)/female 15-64 years: 0.94 male(s)/female 65 years and over: 0.88 male(s)/female total population: 0.95 male(s)/female (2010 est.)

Life expectancy at birth: total population: 81.96 years country comparison to the world: 8 male: 79.24 years female: 84.88 years (2010 est.)

For more information about Hong Kong click here: http://hainanwel.com/forum/viewforum.php?f=115


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