Why is it difficult for a woman to lose weight?

One married couple came to see a doctor with a dietician. Each of the spouses had about 9 kilograms of excess weight, and they thought that losing weight together, supporting each other, would be much easier and more fun. They were offered the same program of exercise and nutrition. A month later it turned out that the man lost weight by 3.15 kg, and the woman recovered by 0.45 kg.

    Then the doctor asked whether there were any differences in their lifestyle and diet, and received a negative answer. They ate the same foods at the same time and went to the gym together. Another month passed, and the man lost 2.7 kg, and the woman - only 0.47 kg (the weight she gained last month). Not surprisingly, she was very upset and was ready to give up her attempts to lose weight and again began to chocolate.
    It is this case that best confirms how different the metabolic processes in men and women, how differently arranged and functioning female and male fat cells. It was necessary for a woman to change the weight loss program and switch to a different diet, and in two months she would "catch up" with her husband, and after 6 months they both reached the weight they were dreaming about.
    Now let's talk about everything in order.
    It is an undeniable fact that women differ from men not only in the structure of internal organs. The female fatty cage is larger, more active than the male, and therefore women lose weight much more slowly than men, and gain very quickly.
    However, before we figure out why the female fat cell so stubbornly resists our attempts to control its weight, we must first understand what this fat cell is and how it functions,
    In the human body, there are about 30 billion fat cells that are capable of storing 67.5 kg of fat under certain conditions. The only task of fat cells is to store calories when the body does not need them, and burn them when necessary. The fat cell does not work alone, it needs help. Such assistants are enzymes that transport fat inside and out of the cell. Enzymes that help the body store fat are called fat-forming, and those that help burn fat are fat-splitting.
    Men and women can have the same number of fat cells, but on this similarity ends. The main difference between male and female fat cells is the different mechanism of functioning of enzymes and the size of fat cells. As you may have guessed, the female body has more fat-forming enzymes that contribute to the accumulation of fat, and larger fat cells. In men, on the contrary, there are less fat-splitting enzymes that burn fat, and smaller fat cells.
    Simply put, the female body is designed to store fat faster and more efficiently. Male organism, on the contrary, provides fast and effective fat burning. As a result, women lose fat very slowly, and men slowly accumulate it. Estrogen - a female sex hormone activates fat-forming enzymes. This is the reason for the accumulation of fat by the female body during puberty, pregnancy, hormonal therapy and oral contraception. Mother Nature knew what she was doing, supplying the female body with such a mechanism. This is necessary to preserve the reproductive function and normal bearing of the fetus. You can not be a woman without having a certain reserve of body fat.
    Estrogen not only stimulates fat-forming enzymes, forcing them to accumulate fat, but also indicates where. This is the second significant difference between men and women. Estrogen directs fat, mainly in the buttocks and thighs.
    The average woman has the 44th size of the upper body and the 48th - the lower one. That's why women are often called "pears". If a man is gaining excess weight, then fat, as a rule, concentrates in the waist area due to the influence of the male sex hormone, testosterone. Such men are called "apples."
    If you are a "pear" type, then the first thing you will be plump in the hips and buttocks. Fatty cells of a stunted person are larger and have more fat-forming enzymes, so if you sit on a diet or actively play sports, a tall person will lose weight faster. Of course, following a certain program, and a short man will successfully lose weight, but his fat cells will show more perseverance and will require a lot of effort from him.
  If you are an "apple", then your fat cells contain many fat-splitting enzymes and are small in size, which provides faster weight loss. Of course, estrogen activates your fat cells, making them more "stubborn" than men, but compared with the "pear" your body responds much more quickly to changes in diet and exercise.
    With age, the difference between "pears" and "apples" becomes even more noticeable.

Let's look at the functioning of female fat cells in a real life situation. You had a rough day, you were very hungry and ate a whole pizza for dinner. Your calorie needs were fully provided with three slices of pizza from eight, and the remaining five pieces are the excess calories that get into your bloodstream system in its original form. Since the fat cells of your hips and buttocks are the most active, five "extra" slices of pizza are transported by fat-forming enzymes to these parts of the body. Now, even if you refuse chocolate ice cream for dessert, the fat cells of your buttocks and thighs become larger.
    But the presence of estrogen in the female body is not the only reason that we easily gain excess weight. The point is also that for most women, the diet becomes an obsession. Probably, every woman at least once in a life sat on a diet, and the majority expose themselves to this test more than once a year.
  Low calorie diet is, strangely enough, the best friend of the female fat cell. If women knew what really happens to their body, when they get on a diet, they would never do it. Once your fat cells "understand" that the intake of calories in the body has decreased, they throw a battle cry and call for fat-forming enzymes to begin their duties. Unfortunately, the fat-splitting enzymes do not appear on the guest list.
    The diet increases the size of your fat cells, causes them to actively accumulate fat and burn it more slowly. And the fact that you are happy, getting on the scales - it's not yet a fact that you lose weight due to fat - most likely you lose water and muscles, and getting rid of fat yourself without a competent specialist doctor is not so easy.
    Male fat cells react to a decrease in the intake of calories otherwise. When a man sits on a traditional low-calorie diet, he activates his fat-splitting enzymes and successfully loses weight. A woman, if she also grows thin, sitting on a diet, then quickly returns to the previous weight, and even accumulates more than before.
    It should be said that men have another advantage: the muscles. This does not mean that the male and female cells function differently. The thing is that the muscular mass of men is more than the muscular mass of women by 40%. Muscles have mitochondria, which burn calories by turning them into heat and water. Thus, the more muscle mass you have, the more calories are sent to the cells of the muscle tissue and burned there and the less fat is stored in the body.
    So, we can argue that the male body has a mechanism that helps him, limiting the calorie intake and increasing physical exertion, successfully lose excess weight. In contrast, women are designed to successfully gain weight, because Have more fat-forming enzymes and less muscle mass. Therefore, female fat cells are much more "stubborn" than men's. They concentrate mainly on the thighs and buttocks, actively storing fat and with difficulty giving it away, and with full combat readiness expect the following diets.
    So, we can argue that the male body has a mechanism that helps him, limiting the calorie intake and increasing physical exertion, successfully lose excess weight. In contrast, women are designed to successfully gain weight, because Have more fat-forming enzymes and less muscle mass. Therefore, female fat cells are much more "stubborn" than men's. They concentrate mainly on the thighs and buttocks, actively storing fat and with difficulty giving it away, and with full combat readiness expect the following diets.
    Unfortunately, most women, trying to get rid of excess weight, do not take into account the characteristics of their body and resort to low-calorie diets. Before rushing to such extremes, please consult a dietitian and you will understand that when you go on a diet, your fat cells come into battle with you. And they win.

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