Nine reasons for obesity and excess weight

Genetic predisposition

Heredity plays an important role in the development of the disease. It is proved that if both parents are obese, then the incidence of this disease in children reaches 66%. In other words, if there are three babies in the family, then two of them will surely have obesity. If one of the parents is not slim, obesity threatens 50% of the offspring, that is, one of the two. But if the parents are slender, then the probability of this ailment in children is only 9%.

However, our genes have not changed in the last 50 years, and obesity nevertheless has become a global epidemic.

This means that some other factors, not genetics, take first place among a number of reasons for the development of obesity. What are they? Let's understand further.

Endocrine disorders

Among endocrine diseases associated with excess weight, most often there is hypothyroidism and Cushing's syndrome.

Hypothyroidism is a disease that causes a decrease in thyroid function. Hypothyroidism - this is the very "slow metabolism", which is written off all the difficulties in losing weight most people with excess weight. In addition to moderate weight gain, this condition is manifested by poor cold tolerance (the person is always cold), dry skin, hair loss, constipation, muscle weakness, fatigue, difficulty concentrating, poor memory, low mood right up to the development of depression.

In a state of hypothyroidism, the body temperature becomes slightly lower, the heart beats slightly less often, the breathing slightly slows down. Due to all these changes, a person spends less calories on maintaining life. Because of this, weight can slowly but surely increase. In this situation it is better to consult an endocrinologist who will prescribe a test and suggest a treatment regimen.

Cushing's syndrome is a disease, one of the symptoms of which is also overweight.

Cushing's syndrome is characterized by the accumulation of adipose tissue in the central part of the body - in the abdomen and buttocks. Many of the symptoms of this disease are also characteristic of severe obesity, for example, high blood pressure, increased hair loss, irregular menstrual cycle, increased blood sugar. But unlike obesity, Cushing's syndrome can have purple stretch marks on the skin, atrophy of the skin, and a low level of potassium in the blood.

If you have even the slightest suspicion, be sure to contact the endocrinologist to exclude this diagnosis!

Lifestyle

Of all the factors, life style has the greatest impact on the risk of developing excess weight. The world-wide epidemic of obesity is a consequence of the modern way of life. Unlike our ancestors, who were mainly engaged in manual labor and who ate natural food, we live in the age of computers and fast food. Thanks to technical progress, the share of manual labor in the last 100 years has decreased from 95 to 5%. Nowadays, people rarely eat because of hunger, and in most cases do it under the influence of external factors. It can be food for a company, food as a habit or a way to get rid of inner discomfort.

Eating habits

Many of the harmful eating habits characteristic of the inhabitants of large cities are due to the so-called western way of life. When the pace of life grows and grows, the work schedule is very tight, haste and stress become the norm of life - people skip breakfast or lunch, eat on the go or behind the wheel and relax after an abundant dinner before going to bed.

Stress

Very many people eat in response to stress and tension.

It is proved that under stress, the level of cortisol - a hormone, which promotes the accumulation of excess adipose tissue and the development of abdominal obesity (when visceral fat accumulates in the abdominal cavity around the internal organs - is ed.).



As shown by numerous studies, people with excess weight to deal with stress most often use food, in contrast to slender people who choose other strategies. There is evidence that in women with central obesity (that is, in the abdominal region), abdominal fat accumulates as a manifestation of dissatisfaction with life.

Why is this happening? The solar plexus is considered the center of accumulation of vital energy, therefore, the formation of a fat pad in this area is a unique way of protection from the outside world. And the greater the discontent with life, the thicker the fatty layer.

Unsatisfactory sleep and fatigue

Sleep deprivation is also associated with an elevated level of cortisol and other hormones responsible for the development of obesity. Also, one curious study has shown that full people are perceived by others as lazy, suffering from lack of willpower. To counter unflattering public opinion, they begin to work longer and longer, sacrificing hours of sleep. The lack of a normal sleep and rest regime results in the accumulation of fatigue, which again gets stuck.

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