The problem of childhood obesity - what can parents do?

More and more doctors are faced with cases of obesity or overweight in children! This is a serious enough problem that can lead to undesirable consequences if you do not take action on time.

But, what are the reasons? Also what to do or make for prophylaxis? Let's see, to whom it is necessary to address and how to choose a diet suitable for the child!

Childhood obesity: when you can talk about obesity
Obesity and overweight are often considered synonymous, but, in fact, they are not! The difference between a child with obesity or just a little plump is very important, and should not be determined only by subjective perception.

When a child is obese
In order to check whether a child has obesity from a clinical point of view, you can use the body mass index. This parameter is quite reliable, although it is formulated for adults.

Calculation of the body mass index is made by dividing the weight in kilograms by your height in meters and squaring. How to interpret the result?

The result between 25 and 30 indicates that the child is overweight.
The result between 30 and 40 reports obesity.
The result of more than 40 is a symptom of dangerous obesity.
To complete the analysis, folds, waist circumference, arms and hips can be taken into account.

Nevertheless, in pediatric practice the percentile system is more often used. That is, the tables that link the values ​​of height and weight, according to differences in age and sex.

There are three cases:

Up to 80 percentile = normal weight
Between 85 and 95 percentile = overweight
Above 95 percentile = obesity

What are the causes of obesity in children
It is not always possible to easily identify the causes of obesity, because they can be different and sometimes very different from each other!

The main causes of obesity in children
Here are the main causes of childhood obesity:

Improper diet: an abundance of fats, chips, candy and fast food fills the children's tummies daily, while vegetables, fruits and healthy foods rarely fall on the table. Some bad habits, such as the lack of a good breakfast in the morning and the lack of regular meals, worsen the picture.
Sedentary lifestyle: poor diet is usually associated with a sedentary lifestyle. What are the hobbies of modern children? Video games, computer, TV ... little games in the open air and little sport.
Predisposition: the propensity to accumulate fat is also associated with genetic, and although it is aggravated from improper eating habits, family predisposition is an important factor in obesity!
Psychological factors: the causes of psychological origin are associated with family relationships, poverty of the family, contradictory or unsatisfactory relationships (especially mother-son), which children try to compensate through abundant food.
Diseases: Some diseases affect the level of hormones that regulate metabolism, and, as a result, cause obesity. Among such ailments it should be noted:
Hypothyroidism is characterized by a deficiency of thyroid hormones, which stimulate the use of fats for energy production.
Adenoma at the level of the pituitary gland (a gland located at the base of the brain that regulates the activity of many other glands), which leads to an increase in the synthesis of ACTH, a hormone that, in turn, stimulates the adrenal glands to produce cortisol. The latter is responsible for increasing blood glucose levels, causing diabetes and obesity.
Insulinoma (rarely), which affects the pancreatic beta cells producing insulin. A very high level of this hormone in the blood contributes to the entry of glucose into the cells of tissues and its transformation into fat, which leads to weight gain.
Possible consequences of obesity for the child
The consequences of childhood obesity are serious enough, both in the short and long term, these are not only physical problems, but also psychological disorders.

The latter are due to the fact that obesity leads to imbalances between the body of the child and the body of his friends, which, in turn, leads to insults, bullying and expulsion from the company.

All this can lead to:

Strong tendency to isolation;
Some aggression;
In more severe cases, the occurrence of eating disorders is possible.
In addition, there may be physical problems, which, unfortunately, affect the health of the child.

In particular, children with obesity may face (possibly in the future):

With diabetes: the cells of the body become insulin resistant, i.e. Not capable of absorbing glucose from the blood, despite stimulation with insulin.
With heart diseases: an excess of fats can reduce the lumen of the arteries, which leads to a slowdown in blood flow. Elevated levels of cholesterol in the body, in addition, makes the blood more dense, creates an additional burden on the heart, which, in the final analysis, can disrupt its functionality.


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