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02/24/2011 General information about China

The People's Republic of China (PRC), commonly known as China, is situated in Eastern Asia, bordering the East China Sea, Korea Bay, Yellow Sea, and South China Sea. It is the 4th largest country area wise.

Border Countries: Russia, Mongolia, Kazakhstan, Kyrgyzstan, Tajikistan, Afghanistan, Pakistan, India, Nepal, Bhutan, Burma, Laos, Vietnam.

Area: 9,596,960 sq km

Population: 1.3 billion (worlds largest country population)

Capital: Beijing: Originally known as Tsi, the city was founded during the Tsou Dynasty (1046-77 B.C.) During the warring states (475-221 B.C.) it was the capital of the state of Gian. The city of Tsi gained strategical importance and was a trading centre for over 1000 years. During the 10th century A.D., under the name Giantzin, the Beijing became the leading city of the Liao dynasty. Between 1115 and 1911, the city was the capital of the dynasties of the Jin, Yian, Ming, and Tsing. The city became the cradle of civilization for China leaving behind many important historical sights including the Forbidden City, the Great Wall, the Summer Palace, the Temple of the Sky and the Ming Tombs. Since the 1980s, the booming urban development brought important changes to the citys appearance. Modern Beijing, with 14 inhabitants, has large boulevards and sky scrapers while maintaining the characteristics of an ancient capital. In 2008, Beijing will host the 29th Summer Olympic Games.

Special Administrative Regions:

Hong Kong: A British colony until 1997 at which time it was incorporated into the Chinese state retaining its economic status. It is situated in the south of the country, near the river Sam Chun and is built partly on mainland and partly on islands. It is densely populated with 6.7 million inhabitants in an area of 1045 sq km. It is an international economic and trading centre. There are many sights to visit including the peak of Victoria, the Big Buddha, the Zoo and Botanical gardens. Tours around the harbour are organized.

Macau: Originally it was the oldest European (Portuguese) colony in China since the 16th century. It is a small island-city in the south of China. It is situated 70 km northwest of Hong Kong. The government of Portugal gave over the sovereignty of Macau to the Peoples Republic of China in 1999 and it is now governed as a special administrative region. The inhabitants mainly speak the Cantonese dialect. Apart from the monuments of the colonial times Macau is well known for its casinos.

President (General Secretary of Communist Party of China): HU Jintao Vice-President: ZENG Qinghong (from 15.03.2003) Prime Minister: WEN Jiabao (16.03.2003) Vice-President of Government: HUANG Ju, WU Yi, ZENG Peiyan, HUI Liangyu (17.03.2003) Foreign Minister: LI Zhaoxing

Currency: YUAN (1 CNY= 0,10 ) GDP: 1,4$ trillion GDP per capita: $1.090 Inflation: 4,1 % Growth Rate: 9,5% Unemployment: ~10-15%

China VISA/Passport: A visa is required and a valid passport not expiring for the next 6 months

Official Language: Officially Chinese and/or Mandarin (based on a dialect of Beijing), Cantonese and other dialects.

Religion: Officially the majority of Chinese are atheists (59%), also Taoists and Buddhists (20%), Christians (3-4%), Muslims (1-2%)

 Local Time: +6 hours

For more information about China click here: http://hainanwel.com/forum/viewforum.php?f=114


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